ZENEPHI

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Lehite PN 1. Apparently a renegade general, ca. 400 AD (Moroni 9:16)

Etymology

Possibly a hybrid HEBREW-EGYPTIAN name *ze-nfy, "The One of Nephi," beginning with the HEBREW demonstrative ze-, and adding ancient EGYPTIAN nfy "captain; sailor; wind," or EGYPTIAN nf(r) "beautiful, good."[1] Cf. HEBREW Ze-Sînay "The One of Sinai," as treated by Albright (epithet of Jehovah at Judges 5:5),[2] Lihyanite Ḏ-ʿmn, Ḏ-rḥmh, Ḏ-mslmh, Ḏ-blʹ, and Thamudic Ḏû-baraq "The One of Lightning."[3]

Val Sederholm sugests EGYPTIAN Z3-Nfy "Son of Nephi" (RFS).

Another possibility is the nisbe form of ZENIFF, i.e., hypothetical HEBREW gentilic ṣenipî "tiaraed, crowned, enwrapped (with turban)," a derivation from HEBREW ṣanif, miṣnefet "tiara, turban," worn by men (Job 29:14), such as the high priest (Leviticus 16:4, Zechariah 3:5), or by women (Isaiah 3:23||2 Nephi 13:23).

Cf. Book of Mormon NEPHI, LEHI-NEPHI, NEPHIHAH, et al., also ZENIFF

RFS

Variants

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐞𐐀𐐤𐐀𐐙𐐌 (ziːniːfaɪ)

Notes


  1. Yoshiyuki Muchiki, Egyptian Proper Names and Loanwords in NW Semitic, 77. (SBL Dissertation Series 173. Atlanta: SBL, 1999) 231.
  2. William F. Albright, From the Stone Age to Christianity: Monotheism and the Historical Process., 1st ed. (Baltimore: John Hopkins, 1940), 199.; and William F. Albright, "The Song of Deborah in the Light of Archaeology." Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, 62 (Apr 1936): 30, citing H. Grimme.
  3. A.R. Al-Ansary, "Lihyanite Personal Names: A Comparative Study," ALUOS, 7 (1969-73):6, 8, 10, 12-13.

Bibliography


Albright, William F. From the Stone Age to Christianity: Monotheism and the Historical Process, 1st ed. Baltimore: John Hopkins, 1940; 2nd ed. Baltimore: John Hopkins/Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1957/reprint Eugene: Wipf & Stock, 2003. FSAC

Al-Ansary, A.R. "Lihyanite Personal Names: A Comparative Study," ALUOS 7 (1969-73):5-16.

Muchiki, Yoshiyuki. Egyptian Proper Names and Loanwords in North-West Semitic, SBL Dissertation Series 173. Atlanta: SBL, 1999.

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