PAHORAN

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Lehite PN 1. Judge, son of NEPHIHAH No. 1, ca. 68–53 BC (Alma 50:40 (x2); 51:2, 3, 5, 6, 7 (x2), 12; 59:3; 60:1 (x2); 61:1, 2, 9; 62:1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 11, 14, 26, 44; Helaman 1:2 (x2), 4)
2. Judge, son of No. 1, d. 52 BC (Helaman 1:3, 5, 9 (x2), 10, 11, 12, 13; 2:3)

Etymology

In both Book of Mormon mss., PAHORAN varies with Pahoron in Alma 51 and Helaman 1.

Perhaps the name can best be derived from Canaanite pah.ura, puh.uru (for EGYPTIAN p3-ḥr-3n), EGYPTIAN administrator in Palestine mentioned in the Amarna letters (EA, 117, 123, 132, 1566, 1222). Nibley equates EGYPTIAN p3-ḥry with “the SYRIAN” (ABM, 284), on which see Genesis 14:6 where ḥōrī = Hurrian, i.e., SYRIAN (RFS, Egyptianisms, p. 6).

See the biblical GN Beth-Horon and the standard biblical commentaries for the etymology. But the first element of the name, Pa-, would remain unexplained.

Several other EGYPTIAN PNs may bear on the Book of Mormon PAHORAN, Meroitic: (1) “Pachoras” (listed with “Pakazi” in an inscription; cf. Book of Mormon PACHUS), and (2) “Horan” (SC, 194). Confer also EGYPTIAN p3h3r (Late Rammesside Letters, p. 11.I, and Pap. Abbott in Peet, Great Tomb Robberies, II, pl. 2, p. 44, l. 13) (EHA), and EGYPTIAN p3-ḥr-n-imn, “the countenance/face of Amun” (Frühdemotischer Texte, II, p. 131b) (EHA).

Hebrew pḥh, "governor" (2 K 18:24 and Is 36:9; Jer 51:23, 28, 57)

Palmyra and Hatra pḥr, "assembly" DNWSI 2:907

Off Aramaic pḥr, "potter" DNWSI 2:907-8

Ugaritic ḥrn is worth investigating (RFS).

Pedro Olavarria suggested by email on 8 January 2012 that the lexeme pḥr meaning "to assemble" and "potter" might explain PAHORAN.

Cf. Book of Mormon COHOR, PACUMENI, PAANCHI (PACHUS, PAGAG?), PATHROS, TEOMNER, TEANCUM

See also Pahoran / Pahoron / Parhoron Variants

Variants

Parhoron, Pashoron, Pahorun, Paroron, Pahoron, Phrhoran, Parhoran, Pohoran, (P )ron, (p )ron, ( )ron, Pahorors, Pahorons, Paho-/-ron, (Pah ), ( )/-horon, Pa/( )

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐑𐐁𐐐𐐄𐐡𐐊𐐤 (peɪhoʊrʌn)

Notes


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