|Pearl of Great Price PN||1.||TUBAL-CAIN biblical copper & iron worker ([http://lds.org/scriptures/pgp/moses/5.46?lang=eng#45 Moses 5:46; Genesis 4:22)|
The early term TUBAL is glossed with Hebrew Qayîn from Cain/qayîn "metal-smith"; cf. qêynô “his weapon, his lance” in 2 Samuel 21:16; Moses 5:46 “an instructor of every artificer in brass and iron”), the first part of which comes from Hurrian tab-iri “one who has cast copper” = Old Sumerian TIBIRA / TABIRA "copper-worker; sculptor" (= Akkadian qurqurru, gurgurru “metal-worker, coppersmith”).
This not only brings to mind connections with Qenite metal workers, but reminds us of the following four pairs:
|1. Meshech & Tubal (KJV Ezekiel 38:2,3, 39:1) = |2. Moschoi & Tibarenoi (Herodotus 3.94, 7.28) = |3. Meschenians & Thebel (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, 1.124) = |4. Muški & Tabal in Akkadian in east Asia Minor, with Tabal south of the Halys River and west of Togarmah (in SE Cappadocia).
- G. Buccellati & Kelly-Buccellati, “In Search of Hurrian Urkesh,” 26n*; Wilhelm, Hurrians, 9; ePSD.
- David Baker in Freedman, ed., Anchor Bible Dictionary, VI:670, citing Parpola, Neo-Assyrian Toponyms, 341-343; Baruch Halpern, “Kenites,” in Freedman, ed., ABD, IV:17, citing M. Elat, Economic Relations (1977), 53; Yamauchi, Foes from the Northern Frontier, 25-27, and Barnett in CAH, 3rd ed., 2/2:422; MBA 15. Cf. Ezekiel 27:13.