Difference between revisions of "TUBALOTH"

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'''Etymology'''
 
'''Etymology'''
  
'''T<small>UBALOTH</small>''' resembles the [[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]] [[Personal Name|PN]] Tubal ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/gen/10.2?lang=eng#1 Genesis 10:2]) and Tubal-cain ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/gen/4.22?lang=eng#21 Genesis 4:22]) as well as the [[Geographical Name|GN]] Tubal ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/isa/66.19?lang=eng#18 Isaiah 66:19]). Although the -''oth'' ending looks like the feminine plural noun ending, this ending is also used in men's names, cf. Lapidoth ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/judg/4.4?lang=eng#3 Judges 4:4]); Naboth ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/1-kgs/21.1,%203,%208,%209?lang=eng#primary 1 Kings 21:1, 3, 8, 9], and passim); and Meraioth ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/ezra/7.31?lang=eng#30 Ezra 7:31]; [http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/neh/11.11?lang=eng#10 Nehemiah 11:11]; [http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/neh/12.15?lang=eng#14 12:15]; [http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/1-chr/6.5,%207,%2052?lang=eng#4 1 Chronicles 6:5, 7, 52]; [http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/1-chr/9.11?lang=eng#10 9:11]), as well as the ending of the Book of Mormon [[Personal Name|PN]] [[HAGOTH|H<small>AGOTH</small>]] ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/alma/63.5?lang=eng#4 Alma 63:5]). The [[Personal Name|PN]] Tubal may derive from the [[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]] ''tubal'' and ''tabal'', "metalworker, smith," parallel in meaning to biblical Kenites, denoting metalworkers or smiths ([[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]] ''qayin'', ''qeni''). The [[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]] ending -''oth'' (like the ending -''im'') can denote an abstract. Thus, '''T<small>UBALOTH</small>''' has the abstract sense "skill"; cf. [[HAGOTH|H<small>AGOTH</small>]], "joy."
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'''T<small>UBALOTH</small>''' resembles the [[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]] [[Personal Name|PN]]s Tubal ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/gen/10.2?lang=eng#1 Genesis 10:2]) and Tubal-cain ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/gen/4.22?lang=eng#21 Genesis 4:22], where he is described as “an instructor of every artificer in brass and iron”) as well as the [[Geographical Name|GN]] Tubal ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/isa/66.19?lang=eng#18 Isaiah 66:19], probably from the Assyrian [[Geographical Name|GN]] ''Tabāl'' [ [[Koehler, Ludwig, and Walter Baumgartner, The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. 5 vols. revised by W. Baumgartner and Johann J. Stamm. Leiden: Brill, 1994. trans. of 5-volume 3rd German edition.|''HALOT'']] ]). The biblical [[Personal Name|PN]] ''Tubal'' could be derived from the ''hiphil'' Hebrew verb ''ybl'' meaning “to bring” ([[Koehler, Ludwig, and Walter Baumgartner, The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. 5 vols. revised by W. Baumgartner and Johann J. Stamm. Leiden: Brill, 1994. trans. of 5-volume 3rd German edition.|''HALOT'']]). '''T<small>UBALOTH</small>''' therefore may be a noun form thereof with the Hebrew abstract ending –''oth''<ref>Although the -''oth'' ending looks like the feminine plural noun ending, Hebrew -''ôth'' (like the ending -''îm'') has an abstract meaning, and is used in men’s names. Compare Lapidoth ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/judg/4.4?lang=eng#3 Judges 4:4]); Naboth ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/1-kgs/21.1,%203,%208,%209?lang=eng#primary 1 Kings 21:1, 3, 8, 9], and passim); and Meraioth ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/ezra/7.31?lang=eng#30 Ezra 7:31]; [http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/neh/11.11?lang=eng#10 Nehemiah 11:11]; [http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/neh/12.15?lang=eng#14 12:15]; [http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/1-chr/6.5,%207,%2052?lang=eng#4 1 Chronicles 6:5, 7, 52]; [http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/1-chr/9.11?lang=eng#10 9:11]), as well as the ending the Book of Mormon masculine [[Personal Name|PN]] [[HAGOTH|H<small>AGOTH</small>]] ([https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/alma/63.5?lang=eng#4 Alma 63:5]).</ref> and may have the abstract sense “gift, presentation.”
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The Hebrew stative verb ''ṭūb'' “it is good,” and ''ʾālôt'' “curses,” in juxtaposition could yield the dysphemism “Curses are good,” an apt name for the nephew of and eventual successor of the Nephite-turned-Lamanite king who started a protracted war.
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The Hebrew stative verb ''ṭūb'' “it is good,” and ''ʿălôt'' “to sacrifice,in juxtaposition could yield the meaning “sacrificing is good.” The Hebrew word for burnt offering, ''ʿōlâ'', in the plural is ''ʿōlôt'', which does not work well because of the vowels of '''T<small>UBALOTH</small>''', even though in some north-west Semitic languages the vowels would be ''ʿālāt''.
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Because the [[Personal Name|PN]] Tubal-cain is described as an instructor of metal crafting in [http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/gen/4.22?lang=eng#21 Genesis 4:22], and because the Arabic cognate of ''cain'' means “smith” ([[Koehler, Ludwig, and Walter Baumgartner, The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. 5 vols. revised by W. Baumgartner and Johann J. Stamm. Leiden: Brill, 1994. trans. of 5-volume 3rd German edition.|''HALOT'']]), it is possible that ''tubal'' may mean “metalworker, smith.Thus, '''T<small>UBALOTH</small>''', on analogy with '''H<small>AGOTH</small>''', “joy,” may mean “skilled.
  
 
'''Variants'''
 
'''Variants'''
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'''Notes'''
 
'''Notes'''
 
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[[Category:Names]][[Category:Lehite PN]]
 
[[Category:Names]][[Category:Lehite PN]]

Revision as of 21:38, 8 October 2015

Lehite PN 1. LAMANITE king (Helaman 1:16)

Etymology

TUBALOTH resembles the HEBREW PNs Tubal (Genesis 10:2) and Tubal-cain (Genesis 4:22, where he is described as “an instructor of every artificer in brass and iron”) as well as the GN Tubal (Isaiah 66:19, probably from the Assyrian GN Tabāl [ HALOT ]). The biblical PN Tubal could be derived from the hiphil Hebrew verb ybl meaning “to bring” (HALOT). TUBALOTH therefore may be a noun form thereof with the Hebrew abstract ending –oth[1] and may have the abstract sense “gift, presentation.”

The Hebrew stative verb ṭūb “it is good,” and ʾālôt “curses,” in juxtaposition could yield the dysphemism “Curses are good,” an apt name for the nephew of and eventual successor of the Nephite-turned-Lamanite king who started a protracted war.

The Hebrew stative verb ṭūb “it is good,” and ʿălôt “to sacrifice,” in juxtaposition could yield the meaning “sacrificing is good.” The Hebrew word for burnt offering, ʿōlâ, in the plural is ʿōlôt, which does not work well because of the vowels of TUBALOTH, even though in some north-west Semitic languages the vowels would be ʿālāt.

Because the PN Tubal-cain is described as an instructor of metal crafting in Genesis 4:22, and because the Arabic cognate of cain means “smith” (HALOT), it is possible that tubal may mean “metalworker, smith.” Thus, TUBALOTH, on analogy with HAGOTH, “joy,” may mean “skilled.”

Variants

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐓𐐆𐐄𐐒𐐁𐐢𐐊𐐛 (tɪoʊbeɪlʌθ)

Notes


  1. Although the -oth ending looks like the feminine plural noun ending, Hebrew -ôth (like the ending -îm) has an abstract meaning, and is used in men’s names. Compare Lapidoth (Judges 4:4); Naboth (1 Kings 21:1, 3, 8, 9, and passim); and Meraioth (Ezra 7:31; Nehemiah 11:11; 12:15; 1 Chronicles 6:5, 7, 52; 9:11), as well as the ending the Book of Mormon masculine PN HAGOTH (Alma 63:5).