Difference between revisions of "TEANCUM"

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'''Etymology'''
 
'''Etymology'''
  
No etymology is suggested. Perhaps ''tʾnq'', ''tʾnk'', ''tʾng'', ''tʿnq'', ''tʿnk'', ''tʿng''.
+
It was the [[NEPHITE(S)|N<small>EPHITE</small>]] custom to name a city after the first person who settled there. Therefore it is possible that the [[Geographical Name|GN]] came from a [[Personal Name|PN]]. It is also possible that a person could be named after a [[Geographical Name|GN]]. The name may not even be Lehite, since it exhibits consonant clusters that resemble [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] names. See for example, [[RIPLIANCUM|R<small>IPLIANCUM</small>]] and [[MORIANCUMER|M<small>ORIANCUMER</small>]] are the only other Book of Mormon names with the consonant cluster ''nc''; both of these names are exclusively [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]]. Further, if the names were [[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]] in origin, the ''n'' sound would be assimilated to the sound of the following consonant; thus -''nc''- would become -''cc''- or -''c''-.
  
It was the [[NEPHITE(S)|N<small>EPHITE</small>]] custom to name a city after the first person who settled there. Therefore it is possible that the [[Geographical Name|GN]] came from a [[Personal Name|PN]]. It is also possible that a person
+
However, if '''T<small>EANCUM</small>''' is not a uniformly [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] name, then several suggestions for the derivation of the name from Hebrew can be made. If it is possible to separate the element ''te''- of the [[Personal Name|PN]] '''T<small>EANCUM</small>''' from the element -''ancum'' (one may note that the demonstrative m.s. pronoun in Hebrew is ''zēh'' in Hebrew, ''dā'' in Aramaic and ''dū'' in Ugaritic) and if the Mulekites pronounced that demonstrative pronoun /dē/, or even /tē/, the name would then mean, “The one of/from Ancum,” from the hypothetical Book of Mormon name *Ancum.  
could be named after a [[Geographical Name|GN]]. The name may not even be Lehite, since it exhibits consonant clusters that resemble [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] names. See for example, [[RIPLIANCUM|R<small>IPLIANCUM</small>]] and
 
[[MORIANCUMER|M<small>ORIANCUMER</small>]] are the only other Book of Mormon names with the consonant cluster ''-nc'', and both these names are exclusively [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]].  
 
  
However, if '''T<small>EANCUM</small>''' is not [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]], then several [[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]] suggestions can be made. It is possible to separate the element ''te'' from the unit -''ancum''(-). The demonstrative
+
It would be tempting to but difficult to derive *''ancum'' from the biblical Hebrew ''ʿănāq'' (''Anak'' in the King James Bible). The vowel between the ''n'' and the ''q'' is long and would not elide even in the plural, ''ʿănāqîm''.
m.s. pronoun, ''zēh'' in [[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]], is ''dā'' in Aramaic and ''dū'' in Ugaritic. It may be that the Mulekites pronounced the demonstrative pronoun [''dē''], or even [''''], and that '''T<small>EANCUM</small>'''
 
means “The one of Ancum.” ''tʾnq'', “she groans, cries, he of the crying.” ''ʿng'', “to be soft, delicate, dainty”. ''ʿnq'', necklace, to put on a necklace.” ''ʿnq'', Anak, the eponymous
 
ancestor of the Anakim, pre-Israelite Canaanites.  Akkadian  ''unqu'', “neck.
 
  
 
Cf. Book of Mormon [[TEOMNER|T<small>EOMNER</small>]], [[CUMORAH|C<small>UMORAH</small>]], et al.
 
Cf. Book of Mormon [[TEOMNER|T<small>EOMNER</small>]], [[CUMORAH|C<small>UMORAH</small>]], et al.

Revision as of 22:25, 29 September 2015

Lehite PN 1. 1. Soldier, ca. 67 BC (Alma 50:35 (x2); 51:29, 31 (x2), 32, 33, 34; 52:1, 2, 5, 15 (x2), 16, 17, 19, 22 (x2), 23 (x3), 24, 26, 27; 53:3; 61:15, 18, 21; 62:3, 13, 32 (x2), 34, 35, 36 (x2), 37)
Lehite GN 2. City, 4th c. AD (Mormon 4:3 (x2), 6, 7 (x2), 14)

This entry is not finished

Etymology

It was the NEPHITE custom to name a city after the first person who settled there. Therefore it is possible that the GN came from a PN. It is also possible that a person could be named after a GN. The name may not even be Lehite, since it exhibits consonant clusters that resemble JAREDITE names. See for example, RIPLIANCUM and MORIANCUMER are the only other Book of Mormon names with the consonant cluster nc; both of these names are exclusively JAREDITE. Further, if the names were HEBREW in origin, the n sound would be assimilated to the sound of the following consonant; thus -nc- would become -cc- or -c-.

However, if TEANCUM is not a uniformly JAREDITE name, then several suggestions for the derivation of the name from Hebrew can be made. If it is possible to separate the element te- of the PN TEANCUM from the element -ancum (one may note that the demonstrative m.s. pronoun in Hebrew is zēh in Hebrew, in Aramaic and in Ugaritic) and if the Mulekites pronounced that demonstrative pronoun /dē/, or even /tē/, the name would then mean, “The one of/from Ancum,” from the hypothetical Book of Mormon name *Ancum.

It would be tempting to but difficult to derive *ancum from the biblical Hebrew ʿănāq (Anak in the King James Bible). The vowel between the n and the q is long and would not elide even in the plural, ʿănāqîm.

Cf. Book of Mormon TEOMNER, CUMORAH, et al.

Variants

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐓𐐀𐐈𐐤𐐗𐐊𐐣 (tiːænkʌm)

Notes