|Jaredite PN||1.||King (Ether 1:30, 31; 7:7, 8 (x2), 10, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17 (x2), 18, 19 (x2), 20, 21 (x2), 22 (x4), 23, 24, 26, 27)|
Until possible language affinities for JAREDITE names can be determined, all suggestions for etymologies of JAREDITE names must remain more speculative than substantive. With that caveat, the onomasticon does offer etymologies for some JAREDITE names, especially if it is possible that some JAREDITE names were translated into NEPHITE, or were otherwise related to one or more Semitic languages.
Reynolds, Commentary on the Book of Mormon, VI, p. 46, has suggested, “(Possibly from shaal [šʾl], ‘to ask for, to desire’), meaning a man of prayer.”
There has been a tendency to connect the JAREDITES with the Olmec. It is not certain what language the Olmec spoke. It was probably not Maya. One might, nonetheless, be tempted to connect this king with Maya xul "carving" (Coe, Reading the Maya Glyphs, 166). Such a reading does not conform to typical Classical Maya naming practices.
Deseret Alphabet: 𐐟𐐆𐐅𐐢 (ʃɪuːl)
- Rykle Borger. Mesopotamisches Zeichenlexikon. 2nd ed. AOAT 305. (Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2010).
- The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago. Volume 13, Q. (Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1982). CAD Q.
- Michael Coe. Reading the Maya Glyphs (London: Thames & Hudson, 2001).