Difference between revisions of "SHARED"

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Until a possible language origin for [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] can be determined, all suggestions for etymologies of [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] names must remain more speculative than substantive.
 
Until a possible language origin for [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] can be determined, all suggestions for etymologies of [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] names must remain more speculative than substantive.
  
If [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] names can be traced to Semitic roots, ('''S<small>HARED</small>''' may be a translation of the [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] name into [[NEPHITE(S)|N<small>EPHITE</small>]] and not a transliteration), Ugaritic ''šrd'', “to present (an offering), bring down from God,” probably a ''Š''-stem causative from the root ''yrd'', “to descend,”<ref>''Analytic Ugaritic Bibliography'', ed. Manfried Dietrich and Oswald Loretz, Alter Orient und Altes Testament 20/6 (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1996), 693.</ref>  then '''S<small>HARED</small>''' could mean “offering” or “presentation.” Note a possible parallel construction, with interchange ''d'' > ''t'', in the [[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]] ''šārēt'', “service” in cultic ritual ([http://lds.org/scriptures/ot/num/4.12?lang=eng#11 Numbers 4:12] and [http://lds.org/scriptures/ot/2-chr/24.14?lang=eng#13 2 Chronicles 24:14]), from the verb ''šrt'' meaning “to serve” in cultic ritual.<ref>Ludwig Koehler and Walter Baumgartner, eds. ''The Hebrew & Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament,'' 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1995., sub שרת.</ref>   
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If [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] names can be traced to Semitic roots, ('''S<small>HARED</small>''' may be a translation of the [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] name into [[NEPHITE(S)|N<small>EPHITE</small>]] and not a transliteration), Ugaritic ''šrd'', “to present (an offering), bring down from God,” probably a ''Š''-stem causative from the root ''yrd'', “to descend,”<ref>''Analytic Ugaritic Bibliography'', ed. Manfried Dietrich and Oswald Loretz, Alter Orient und Altes Testament 20/6 (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1996), 693.</ref>  then '''S<small>HARED</small>''' could mean “offering” or “presentation.” Note a possible parallel construction, with interchange ''d'' > ''t'', in the [[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]] ''šārēt'', “service” in cultic ritual ([http://lds.org/scriptures/ot/num/4.12?lang=eng#11 Numbers 4:12] and [http://lds.org/scriptures/ot/2-chr/24.14?lang=eng#13 2 Chronicles 24:14]), from the verb ''šrt'' meaning “to serve” in cultic ritual.<ref>[[Koehler, Ludwig, and Walter Baumgartner, The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. 5 vols. revised by W. Baumgartner and Johann J. Stamm. Leiden: Brill, 1994. trans. of 5-volume 3rd German edition.|''The Hebrew & Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament'']]: sub שרת.</ref>   
  
 
Confer also the Ebla city-name *''šeraduki'' (Pettinato, Archives) ([[John A. Tvedtnes|JAT]]).
 
Confer also the Ebla city-name *''šeraduki'' (Pettinato, Archives) ([[John A. Tvedtnes|JAT]]).

Revision as of 19:28, 22 January 2015

Jaredite PN 1. Challenger to the JAREDITE throne (Ether 13:23, 24, 27, 28, 29, 30 (x2), 31; 14:3 (x2), 4, 5, 8)

Etymology

Until a possible language origin for JAREDITE can be determined, all suggestions for etymologies of JAREDITE names must remain more speculative than substantive.

If JAREDITE names can be traced to Semitic roots, (SHARED may be a translation of the JAREDITE name into NEPHITE and not a transliteration), Ugaritic šrd, “to present (an offering), bring down from God,” probably a Š-stem causative from the root yrd, “to descend,”[1] then SHARED could mean “offering” or “presentation.” Note a possible parallel construction, with interchange d > t, in the HEBREW šārēt, “service” in cultic ritual (Numbers 4:12 and 2 Chronicles 24:14), from the verb šrt meaning “to serve” in cultic ritual.[2]

Confer also the Ebla city-name *šeraduki (Pettinato, Archives) (JAT).

(PYH)

Variants

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐟𐐁𐐡𐐇𐐔 (ʃeɪrɛd)

Notes


  1. Analytic Ugaritic Bibliography, ed. Manfried Dietrich and Oswald Loretz, Alter Orient und Altes Testament 20/6 (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1996), 693.
  2. The Hebrew & Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament: sub שרת.