Difference between revisions of "SHARED"

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'''Etymology'''
 
'''Etymology'''
  
Until a possible language origin for [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] can be determined, all suggestions for etymologies of [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] names must remain more speculative than substantive.
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Until possible language affinities for [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] names can be determined, all suggestions for etymologies of [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] names must remain more speculative than substantive. With that caveat, the onomasticon does offer etymologies for some [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] names, especially if it is possible that some [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] names were translated into [[NEPHITE(S)|N<small>EPHITE</small>]], or were otherwise related to one or more Semitic languages.
  
 
If [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] names can be traced to Semitic roots, ('''S<small>HARED</small>''' may be a translation of the [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] name into [[NEPHITE(S)|N<small>EPHITE</small>]] and not a transliteration), Ugaritic ''šrd'', “to present (an offering), bring down from God,” probably a ''Š''-stem causative from the root ''yrd'', “to descend,”<ref>''Analytic Ugaritic Bibliography'', ed. Manfried Dietrich and Oswald Loretz, Alter Orient und Altes Testament 20/6 (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1996), 693.</ref>  then '''S<small>HARED</small>''' could mean “offering” or “presentation.” Note a possible parallel construction, with interchange ''d'' > ''t'', in the [[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]] ''šārēt'', “service” in cultic ritual ([http://lds.org/scriptures/ot/num/4.12?lang=eng#11 Numbers 4:12] and [http://lds.org/scriptures/ot/2-chr/24.14?lang=eng#13 2 Chronicles 24:14]), from the verb ''šrt'' meaning “to serve” in cultic ritual.<ref>[[Koehler, Ludwig, and Walter Baumgartner, The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. 5 vols. revised by W. Baumgartner and Johann J. Stamm. Leiden: Brill, 1994. trans. of 5-volume 3rd German edition.|''The Hebrew & Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament'']]: sub שרת.</ref>   
 
If [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] names can be traced to Semitic roots, ('''S<small>HARED</small>''' may be a translation of the [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] name into [[NEPHITE(S)|N<small>EPHITE</small>]] and not a transliteration), Ugaritic ''šrd'', “to present (an offering), bring down from God,” probably a ''Š''-stem causative from the root ''yrd'', “to descend,”<ref>''Analytic Ugaritic Bibliography'', ed. Manfried Dietrich and Oswald Loretz, Alter Orient und Altes Testament 20/6 (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1996), 693.</ref>  then '''S<small>HARED</small>''' could mean “offering” or “presentation.” Note a possible parallel construction, with interchange ''d'' > ''t'', in the [[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]] ''šārēt'', “service” in cultic ritual ([http://lds.org/scriptures/ot/num/4.12?lang=eng#11 Numbers 4:12] and [http://lds.org/scriptures/ot/2-chr/24.14?lang=eng#13 2 Chronicles 24:14]), from the verb ''šrt'' meaning “to serve” in cultic ritual.<ref>[[Koehler, Ludwig, and Walter Baumgartner, The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. 5 vols. revised by W. Baumgartner and Johann J. Stamm. Leiden: Brill, 1994. trans. of 5-volume 3rd German edition.|''The Hebrew & Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament'']]: sub שרת.</ref>   

Revision as of 22:35, 10 September 2015

Jaredite PN 1. Challenger to the JAREDITE throne (Ether 13:23, 24, 27, 28, 29, 30 (x2), 31; 14:3 (x2), 4, 5, 8)

Etymology

Until possible language affinities for JAREDITE names can be determined, all suggestions for etymologies of JAREDITE names must remain more speculative than substantive. With that caveat, the onomasticon does offer etymologies for some JAREDITE names, especially if it is possible that some JAREDITE names were translated into NEPHITE, or were otherwise related to one or more Semitic languages.

If JAREDITE names can be traced to Semitic roots, (SHARED may be a translation of the JAREDITE name into NEPHITE and not a transliteration), Ugaritic šrd, “to present (an offering), bring down from God,” probably a Š-stem causative from the root yrd, “to descend,”[1] then SHARED could mean “offering” or “presentation.” Note a possible parallel construction, with interchange d > t, in the HEBREW šārēt, “service” in cultic ritual (Numbers 4:12 and 2 Chronicles 24:14), from the verb šrt meaning “to serve” in cultic ritual.[2]

Confer also the Ebla city-name *šeraduki (Pettinato, Archives) (JAT).

(PYH)

Variants

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐟𐐁𐐡𐐇𐐔 (ʃeɪrɛd)

Notes


  1. Analytic Ugaritic Bibliography, ed. Manfried Dietrich and Oswald Loretz, Alter Orient und Altes Testament 20/6 (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1996), 693.
  2. The Hebrew & Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament: sub שרת.