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Lehite PN 1. Contender for the Judgement seat, son of Pahoran No. 1, d. 52 BC (Helaman 1:3,7)

PAANCHI is likely the Egyptian name p3-ʿnh first attested in the Thirteenth Dynasty (ca. 1800-1600 B.C.)[1] becoming popular from the Twenty-First through Twenty-Seventh Dynasties,[2] and surviving until Roman times (transcribed into Greek as Ponchēs).[3] The name means "the living one."[4] (JG)

Hugh Nibley has suggested that this is the same name as the Twenty-Fifth Dynasty pharaoh,[5] but that Pharaoh's name has been reread as Piye.[6]

Robert Smith has suggested that perhaps this is the name given to Joseph by Pharaoh, paʿnēaḥ, Paaneah in Genesis 41:45. (RFS) The full name (Zaphnath-paaneah) fits a well-known Egyptian name pattern: dd-DN-iw=f-ʿnh "DN has said: 'he will live!'"[7] The hypochoristic form of the name iw=f-ʿnh is known from the Ptolemaic period,[8] but non-hypochoristic forms are known much earlier.


See also the Philistine name ptgyh, a goddess worshiped in the Philistine city of Ekron, possibly meaning “‘the goddess Gaia (Earth) who was worshiped in Pytho.’”[9]

See also Paanchi Variants


  1. H. S. Smith, The Fortress of Buhen: The Inscriptions (London: Egypt Exploration Society, 1976), Plate V 4 (#1078), line 5'.
  2. Hermann Ranke, Die ägyptischen Personennamen (Glückstadt: J. J. Augustin, 1935), 1:103.
  3. Erich Lüddeckens, et al., Demotisches Namenbuch (Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert, 1983), 1.3:162.
  4. Lüddeckens, et al., Demotisches Namenbuch, 1.3:162.
  5. LID 24–25, 29; ABM 232; see also SC, 194.
  6. Richard A. Parker, "King Py, a Historical Problem," Zeitschrift für ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 93 (1966): 111—14.
  7. John Gee, "Egyptian Society during the Twenth-Sixth Dynasty," in Glimpses of Lehi's Jerusalem (Provo, Utah: FARMS, 2004), 280, 289-90.
  8. Lüddeckens, et al., Demotisches Namenbuch, ; Ranke, Die ägyptischen Personennamen, 1:14.
  9. See Tristan Barako, “One: by Sea,” Biblical Archaeology Review, vol. 29, no. 2 (March/April 2003): 31.


John Gee, "La Trahison des Clercs: On the Language and Translation of the Book of Mormon," Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 6/1 (1994): 110-111 and n. 200.

Hugh W. Nibley, Lehi in the Desert, 24–25, 29.

Hugh W. Nibley, Approach to the Book of Mormon, 232.

Hugh W. Nibley, Since Cumorah, 194.