Difference between revisions of "OMNI"

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'''Etymology'''
 
'''Etymology'''
  
'''O<small>MNI</small>''' may be derived from the Hebrew root ''ʾmn'', meaning "to be true, faithful" as well as "to confirm, support," and may be linked to the segholate form ''ʾomen'', "faithfulness, trust." The name could be a hypocoristic form of *''ʾomniyyahu'', "faithfulness of the Lord," with a ''hireq compaginis'', or, alternatively, without a ''hireq compaginis'', "the Lord is my trust," ([[Jo Ann Hackett|JH]]) “the Lord is (the object of) my trust,” or the substantive ''ʾomen'' with a first common singular pronominal suffix, thus ''ʾomnī'', "my faithfulness, my trust," “(the object of) my faithfulness, trust,” or as a gentilic “Faithful, Trustworthy.” It could also be a diminutive form in ''-î''.<ref>[[Martin Noth|Martin Noth]], [[Martin Noth, Die israelitischen Personennamen im Rahmen der gemeinsemitischen Namengebung. Beiträge zur Wissenschaft vom Alten und Neuen Testament, III, 10. Stuttgart, 1928 /reprint: Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1966.|''IPN'']], 38.</ref>
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'''O<small>MNI</small>''' may be derived from the Hebrew root ''ʾmn'', meaning “to be true, faithful” as well as “to confirm, support,and may be linked to the segholate form ''ʾomen'', "faithfulness, trust." The name could be a hypocoristic form of *''ʾomniyyahu'', "faithfulness of Yahweh/the Lord," with a ''hireq compaginis'', or, alternatively, without a ''hireq compaginis'', “Yahweh/the Lord is my trust,” or “Yahweh/the Lord is (the object of) my trust,” or the substantive ''ʾomen'' with a first common singular pronominal suffix, thus ''ʾomnī'', “my faithfulness/trust,“(the object of) my faithfulness/trust,” or as a gentilic “Faithful, Trustworthy.” It could also be a diminutive form in –î.<ref>[[Martin Noth]], [[Martin Noth, Die israelitischen Personennamen im Rahmen der gemeinsemitischen Namengebung. Beiträge zur Wissenschaft vom Alten und Neuen Testament, III, 10. Stuttgart, 1928 /reprint: Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1966.|''IPN'']], 38.</ref>
 
 
The form for '''O<small>MNI</small>''' may follow the Omri/Zimri pattern.  If '''O<small>MNI</small>''' follows the Omri pattern, then we should note that Winfried Thiel suggests that ''ˤomrî''  may be hypocoristic for hypothetical *''ˤomrîyyāhû'' “Yahweh is my life; (the) life, which Yahweh (has given).”<ref>Thiel, “Omri,” in D. Freedman, ed. [[David Freedman, ed. Anchor Bible Dictionary. 6 vols. N.Y.: Doubleday, 1992.|''Anchor Bible Dictionary'']] V:17; she likewise sees Zimri as short for Zimriyyahu “Yahweh is (my) protection.”;  [[Koehler, Ludwig, and Walter Baumgartner, The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. 5 vols. revised by W. Baumgartner and Johann J. Stamm. Leiden: Brill, 1994. trans. of 5-volume 3rd German edition.|''The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament'']] II: 850, comparing Arabic ''ˤamara'' “to live.”</ref> On that analogy, we might translate *''ʼomnîyyāhû'' “Yahweh is my faith, Yahweh is (the object of) my faith; (the) trust that Yahweh (has given).”
 
  
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The form for '''O<small>MNI</small>''' may follow the Omri/Zimri pattern. If '''O<small>MNI</small>''' follows the '''O<small>MNI</small>''' pattern, then we should note that Winfried Thiel suggests that ''ʿomrî'' may be hypocoristic for hypothetical *''ʿomrîyyāhû'' “Yahweh is my life/(the) life, which Yahweh (has given).<ref>Thiel, “Omri,” in D. Freedman, ed. ''Anchor Bible Dictionary'' V:17; she likewise sees Zimri as short for Zimriyyahu “Yahweh is (my) protection.”;”[[Koehler, Ludwig, and Walter Baumgartner, The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. 5 vols. revised by W. Baumgartner and Johann J. Stamm. Leiden: Brill, 1994. trans. of 5-volume 3rd German edition.|''HALOT'']], comparing Arabic ''ʿamara'' “to live.”</ref> On that analogy, we might translate *''ʼomnîyyāhû'' “Yahweh is my faith/Yahweh is (the object of) my faith/(the) trust that Yahweh (has given).”
  
 
Cf. Book of Mormon [[OMNER|O<small>MNER</small>]], [[AMMON|A<small>MMON</small>]], [[AMNIHU|A<small>MNIHU</small>]], [[ANTIOMNO|A<small>NTIOMNO</small>]], et al.
 
Cf. Book of Mormon [[OMNER|O<small>MNER</small>]], [[AMMON|A<small>MMON</small>]], [[AMNIHU|A<small>MNIHU</small>]], [[ANTIOMNO|A<small>NTIOMNO</small>]], et al.

Revision as of 22:06, 29 September 2015

Lehite PN NEPHITE historian and scribe (Jarom 1:15, Omni 1:1)

Etymology

OMNI may be derived from the Hebrew root ʾmn, meaning “to be true, faithful” as well as “to confirm, support,” and may be linked to the segholate form ʾomen, "faithfulness, trust." The name could be a hypocoristic form of *ʾomniyyahu, "faithfulness of Yahweh/the Lord," with a hireq compaginis, or, alternatively, without a hireq compaginis, “Yahweh/the Lord is my trust,” or “Yahweh/the Lord is (the object of) my trust,” or the substantive ʾomen with a first common singular pronominal suffix, thus ʾomnī, “my faithfulness/trust,” “(the object of) my faithfulness/trust,” or as a gentilic “Faithful, Trustworthy.” It could also be a diminutive form in –î.[1]

The form for OMNI may follow the Omri/Zimri pattern. If OMNI follows the OMNI pattern, then we should note that Winfried Thiel suggests that ʿomrî may be hypocoristic for hypothetical *ʿomrîyyāhû “Yahweh is my life/(the) life, which Yahweh (has given).[2] On that analogy, we might translate *ʼomnîyyāhû “Yahweh is my faith/Yahweh is (the object of) my faith/(the) trust that Yahweh (has given).”

Cf. Book of Mormon OMNER, AMMON, AMNIHU, ANTIOMNO, et al.

RFS

Variants

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐉𐐣𐐤𐐌 (ɒmnaɪ)

Notes


  1. Martin Noth, IPN, 38.
  2. Thiel, “Omri,” in D. Freedman, ed. Anchor Bible Dictionary V:17; she likewise sees Zimri as short for Zimriyyahu “Yahweh is (my) protection.”;”HALOT, comparing Arabic ʿamara “to live.”