|Biblical noun (NT)||1.||Personification of riches (3 Nephi 13:24)|
The designation MAMMON in the Book of Mormon comes from the King James Bible spelling in Matthew 6:24 and Luke 16:13 in the New Testament, where the phrase “God and Mammon” is mentioned (cf. Luke 16:9, 11, 13). The form of the word in the King James Bible is of Aramaic origin and means simply “riches.” The Hebrew cognate that might have been on a Hebrew vorlage is māmōn, which means, according to Marcus Jastrow, “accumulation, wealth, value,” and is derived from Hebrew hāmōn, “accumulation; large amount.” Confer Michael Sokoloff in his Dictionary of Jewish Babylonian Aramaic, who cites mmwnʾ as an Aramaic cognate ; see. also Syriac māmōnā, “money, riches,” and Punic mmn, “advantage, profit, fortune.”  However, according to Ernst Klein, in his Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Hebrew Language, māmōn may be from mʾmwn, “trust, deposit,” from the verbal root ʾmn, “to trust.”
Deseret Alphabet: 𐐣𐐈𐐣𐐊𐐤 (mæmʌn)
- Marcus Jastrow, A Dictionary of the Targumim, Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature (New York: Title Publishing, 1943), 1:794.
- M. Sokoloff, Dictionary of Jewish Babylonian Aramaic of the Talmudic and Geonic Periods [Ramat Gan, Israel: Bar Ilan University, 2002], 682.
- J. Payne Smith, Compendious Syriac Dictionary [Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1998],
- J. Hoftijzer and K. Jongeling, Dictionary of the North-West Inscriptions [Leiden: Brill 1995], 2:647
- Ernst Klein, Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Hebrew Language (Jerusalem: Carta, 1987), 352.