Difference between revisions of "LIB"

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'''Etymology'''
 
'''Etymology'''
  
Until a possible language origin for [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] can be determined, all suggestions for etymologies of [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] names must remain more speculative than substantive.
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Until a possible language origin for [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] can be determined, etymologies of [[JAREDITES|J<small>AREDITE</small>]] names must remain speculative. Still, some suggestions can be made. The [[Personal Name|PN]] '''L<small>IB</small>''' may derive from the Sumerian ''lib'' “(to be) rich, well-off; high quality; (to be) happy” = Akkadian ''hadû'', ''hidiātu'', ''râšu'', ''rāšû'', ''rīšātu''.<ref>[[Electronic Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary|e''Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary'']], s.v. lib.</ref> '''L<small>IB</small>''' may also derive from a Semitic source, e.g., Akkadian ''libbu'', ''lib-bi'' “heart, center” (loanword in Sumerian ''lib'' “inner body; heart.”<ref>[[Electronic Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary|e''PSD'']], s.v. lib.</ref> = Ugaritic ''lb'', Hebrew ''lēb'', ''lēbāb'').<ref>Hayim ben Yosef Tawil. ''Akkadian Lexical Companion'' (Jersey City: KTAV, 2009): 177-184; Patrick R. Bennett, ''Comparative Semitic Linguistics: A Manual'' (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 1998), 238-239.</ref> Less likely is the derivation of '''L<small>IB</small>''' from the Sumerian ''lib'' “dazed silence, (deathly) silence; (to be) dazed” = Akkadian ''šaqummatu''; cf. Sumerian ''lib<sub>4</sub>'' “agitate,” and ''lib<sub>4</sub>-lib<sub>4</sub>'' “plunderer.<ref>[[Electronic Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary|e''PSD'']], s.v. lib.</ref>
 
 
Sumerian lib "(to be) rich, well-off; high quality; (to be) happy" = Akkadian ''hadû'', ''hidiātu'', ''râšu'', ''rāšû'', ''rīšātu''.<ref>e''Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary''.</ref>
 
 
 
Akkadian ''libbu'', ''lib-bi'' “heart, center” (loanword in Sumerian lib "inner body; heart")<ref>[[Abbreviations|e''PSD'']].</ref> = Ugaritic ''lb'', [[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]] ''lēb'', ''lēbāb''.<ref>[[Hayim ben Yosef Tawil|Hayim ben Yosef Tawil]]. ''Akkadian Lexical Companion'', (Jersey City: [[(Jewish Publisher)|KTAV]], 2009): 177-184; Patrick R. Bennett, ''Comparative Semitic Linguistics: A Manual'' (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 1998), 238-239.</ref>
 
 
 
Sumerian lib "dazed silence, (deathly) silence; (to be) dazed" = Akkadian ''šaqummatu'';
 
Cf. Sumerian lib<sub>4</sub> “agitate,” and lib<sub>4</sub>-lib<sub>4</sub> "plunderer."<ref>[[Abbreviations|e''PSD'']].</ref>
 
  
 
See [[RIPLAKISH|R<small>IPLAKISH</small>]], [[RIPLIANCUM|R<small>IPLIANCUM</small>]], [[RIPLAH|R<small>IPLAH</small>]]
 
See [[RIPLAKISH|R<small>IPLAKISH</small>]], [[RIPLIANCUM|R<small>IPLIANCUM</small>]], [[RIPLAH|R<small>IPLAH</small>]]

Revision as of 20:49, 6 August 2015

Jaredite PN 1. King (Ether 1:17, 18; 10:18, 19 (x3), 29)
2. Usurper (Ether 14:10 (x2), 11 (x2), 12 (x3), 13, 14, 15 (x2), 16 (x3), 17)

Etymology

Until a possible language origin for JAREDITE can be determined, etymologies of JAREDITE names must remain speculative. Still, some suggestions can be made. The PN LIB may derive from the Sumerian lib “(to be) rich, well-off; high quality; (to be) happy” = Akkadian hadû, hidiātu, râšu, rāšû, rīšātu.[1] LIB may also derive from a Semitic source, e.g., Akkadian libbu, lib-bi “heart, center” (loanword in Sumerian lib “inner body; heart.”[2] = Ugaritic lb, Hebrew lēb, lēbāb).[3] Less likely is the derivation of LIB from the Sumerian lib “dazed silence, (deathly) silence; (to be) dazed” = Akkadian šaqummatu; cf. Sumerian lib4 “agitate,” and lib4-lib4 “plunderer.”[4]

See RIPLAKISH, RIPLIANCUM, RIPLAH

Variants

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐢𐐆𐐒 (lɪb)

Notes


  1. ePennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary, s.v. lib.
  2. ePSD, s.v. lib.
  3. Hayim ben Yosef Tawil. Akkadian Lexical Companion (Jersey City: KTAV, 2009): 177-184; Patrick R. Bennett, Comparative Semitic Linguistics: A Manual (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 1998), 238-239.
  4. ePSD, s.v. lib.
RFS