|Lehite PN & GN||1.||Son of Lehi, ca. 600 BC (1 Nephi 2:5; Alma 56:3)|
|2.||King of Lamanites, 2nd c. BC (Mosiah 7:21; 10:18)|
|3.||King of Lamanites, perhaps son of No. 2 (Mosiah 24:3, 9)|
|4.||Servant to Lamanite king, Nephite soldier, ca. 73 BC (Alma 55:5, 15)|
|5.||Arabian river, named after No. 1, ca. 600 BC (1 Nephi 2:8; 16:12)|
|6.||City, ca. 30 AD (3 Nephi 9:10)|
Though Laman is quite likely from the Semitic triliteral root LMN, it is found only once as a proper name mentioned in a Lihyanite inscription. Lihyanite was a language spoken (and written) in the ancient northwest Arabian Peninsula in the mid- first millennium b.c. Laman may also derive from the Safaitic L’mn “mender.” Less persuasive is the derivation of Laman from Akkadian lemnu “evil; evildoer” and Central Arabian laman “scoundrel.” Intriguing, but unpersuasive (on philological grounds) is the derivation of the name from l(u) ʾaman “surely he is faithful.”
- CIS 946:3443.