Difference between revisions of "LACHONEUS"

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(Created page with "<pre>LACHONEUS Lehite PN 1. Prophet/Judge, ca. 6 BC (3 Nephi 1:1; 6:19) 2. Judge, son of No. 1, ca. 30 AD (3 Nephi 6:19) It is possible that the name is Greek and mean...")
 
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<pre>LACHONEUS
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{| class="wikitable"
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|-
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|'''[[:Category:Lehite PN|Lehite PN]]'''
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|1.
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|Chief judge of the [[NEPHITE(S)|N<small>EPHITES</small>]]; a just man; prepared for war agianst the robbers; a great prophet among the [[NEPHITE(S)|N<small>EPHITES</small>]]; ca. 6 BC ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/3-ne/1.1?lang=eng#primary 3 Nephi 1:1]; [http://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/3-ne/3.1,%202,%203,%2010,%2011,%2012,%2016,%2017,%2022,%2024,%2025?lang=eng#primary 3:1, 2, 3, 10, 11, 12, 16 (x2), 17, 22, 24, 25]; [http://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/3-ne/6.6,%2019?lang=eng#5 6:6, 19])
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|-
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|
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|2.
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|Judge, son of '''L<small>ACHONEUS</small>''' 1; assassinated while occupying the judgment seat; ca. 30 AD ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/3-ne/6.19?lang=eng#18 3 Nephi 6:19 (x2)])
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|}
  
Lehite PN 1. Prophet/Judge, ca. 6 BC (3 Nephi 1:1; 6:19)
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'''Etymology'''
2. Judge, son of No. 1, ca. 30 AD (3 Nephi 6:19)
 
  
It is possible that the name is Greek and means “a Laconian” (ABM, 238–9; LID, 34). Nibley, ibid, has pointed out that the Laconians were the “oldest Greek traders,” having
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'''L<small>ACHONEUS</small>''' is the masculine ofrm of the hypothetical Greek word *''lakonios'', "Spartan, Laconian"; cf. the attested forms ''lakonion'' (neuter) and ''lakonia'' (feminie). Further, the "ch" suggests that the "k/c" stop sound has undergone intervocalic spirantization (see Gesenius/Kautsch/Cowley, ''Grammar of the Biblical Hebrew'').
colonies in Cyprus and trade relations in Palestine. Certainly, by the time Lehi left Jerusalem the Greeks had been in contact with the Levant for over two centuries*
 
(Helleno-semitica). However, a Semitic or Egyptian root, perhaps lḥn, or ḥnʿ would be better.
 
  
Notice the name of the “ruler of Ekron,a Philistine city, “Ikausu (ʿkyš), which is related to the Greek “Axaios,’ meaning ‘Achaean’ or ‘Greek.’” Tristan Barako, “One: by Sea,
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The occurrence of names of Greek origin raises questions concerning the character of Greek contacts with the eastern Mediterranean in antiquity. Since the late second millennium B.C. Syrians and Phoenicians had trading contacts with the Aegean kingdoms, and in the first millennium B.C. Greek mercenaries and merchants maintained a significant and ongoing presence in Syro-Palestinian territories.<ref>Michael Astour, ''Hellenosemitica'' (Leiden: Brill, 1967).</ref> The name '''L<small>ACHONEUS</small>''' may indicate that Spartan merchants were among the first Greek traders in the eastern Mediterranean.
Biblical Archaeology Review, vol. 29, o. 2 (March/April 2003): 31.
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</pre>
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Why was the name '''L<small>ACHONEUS</small>''' not listed among the names of the members of [[LEHI|L<small>EHI</small>]]'s party, all of which were Near eastern in origin, but does occur in later generations the name may have been among the inventory of potential personal names brought to the New World by [[LEHI|L<small>EHI</small>]]'s party—along, possibly, with other personal names of Greek origin—but remained unmentioned in Book of Mormon history until several centuries later. Alternatively, it is also possible that this name may have come through cultural contact with the New World from a later period of time.
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See also [[Lachoneus / Lachoneas Variants]]
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'''Variants'''
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[[Lachoneus / Lachoneas Variants|Lachoneas]]
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'''[[Deseret Alphabet]]:''' 𐐢𐐁𐐗𐐄𐐤𐐀𐐊𐐝 (leɪkoʊniːʌs)
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'''Notes'''
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----
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<references/>
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[[Category:Names]][[Category:Lehite PN]]
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<div style="text-align: center;"> [[LABAN|<<]] Lachoneus [[LAISH|>>]] </div>
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==[[Name Index]]==
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<big>
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{|border="0" cellpadding="1" width="100%pt"
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|-
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|[[A]]
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|[[B]]
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|[[C]]
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|[[D]]
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|[[E]]
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|<font color="lightgray">F</font>
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|[[G]]
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|[[H]]
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|[[I]]
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|[[J]]
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|[[K]]
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|[[L]]
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|[[M]]
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|[[N]]
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|[[O]]
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|[[P]]
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|<font color="lightgray">Q</font>
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|[[R]]
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|[[S]]
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|[[T]]
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|[[U]]
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|<font color="lightgray">V</font>
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|<font color="lightgray">W</font>
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|<font color="lightgray">X</font>
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|<font color="lightgray">Y</font>
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|[[Z]]
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|}

Latest revision as of 01:11, 21 November 2015

Lehite PN 1. Chief judge of the NEPHITES; a just man; prepared for war agianst the robbers; a great prophet among the NEPHITES; ca. 6 BC (3 Nephi 1:1; 3:1, 2, 3, 10, 11, 12, 16 (x2), 17, 22, 24, 25; 6:6, 19)
2. Judge, son of LACHONEUS 1; assassinated while occupying the judgment seat; ca. 30 AD (3 Nephi 6:19 (x2))

Etymology

LACHONEUS is the masculine ofrm of the hypothetical Greek word *lakonios, "Spartan, Laconian"; cf. the attested forms lakonion (neuter) and lakonia (feminie). Further, the "ch" suggests that the "k/c" stop sound has undergone intervocalic spirantization (see Gesenius/Kautsch/Cowley, Grammar of the Biblical Hebrew).

The occurrence of names of Greek origin raises questions concerning the character of Greek contacts with the eastern Mediterranean in antiquity. Since the late second millennium B.C. Syrians and Phoenicians had trading contacts with the Aegean kingdoms, and in the first millennium B.C. Greek mercenaries and merchants maintained a significant and ongoing presence in Syro-Palestinian territories.[1] The name LACHONEUS may indicate that Spartan merchants were among the first Greek traders in the eastern Mediterranean.

Why was the name LACHONEUS not listed among the names of the members of LEHI's party, all of which were Near eastern in origin, but does occur in later generations the name may have been among the inventory of potential personal names brought to the New World by LEHI's party—along, possibly, with other personal names of Greek origin—but remained unmentioned in Book of Mormon history until several centuries later. Alternatively, it is also possible that this name may have come through cultural contact with the New World from a later period of time.

See also Lachoneus / Lachoneas Variants

Variants

Lachoneas

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐢𐐁𐐗𐐄𐐤𐐀𐐊𐐝 (leɪkoʊniːʌs)

Notes


  1. Michael Astour, Hellenosemitica (Leiden: Brill, 1967).
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