|Lehite PN||1.||Officer, 1st century BC (Alma 57:28; 58:23)|
|Lehite GN||2.||City, ca. 67 BC (Alma 51:26; Helaman 5:15)|
Cf. the KJV GN Gidom = infinitive construct Hebrew gid‘ōm “they had been cut down,” with 3rd masculine plural suffix (Judges 20:45; JH), and gidu, a village near Ebla (JAT). This may simply be the mimated form of Hebrew gid‘ôn “Iconoclast, Destroyer, Slasher, Hacker, Hewer” (Judges 6:11– 8:35), which is the alternate name of Jeruba‘al. The etymology remains obscure, though Hebrew gīd, “sinew,” is not impossible (see the “sinew” incident in Genesis 32) (JH). Nibley suggests a corruption of the Meroitic (i.e., post-LEHI, *Nubian/EGYPTIAN) names KIB and Keb. If this name is related to the Book of Mormon names GIDDIANHI and GIDDONAH or GIDGIDDONAH, then the root would be *gdd or gdgd, respectively.
It would be a variant of gād, “luck, etc.” (See GAD above), though this seems less likely because the vowel quality of gād as a noun is phonemic. Even less likely is a derivation from the Hebrew PN GIDEON, though GID may be a hypocoristicon thereof (RFS). Cf. The SAMARIA ostraca seal PN gdyhw (ABM, 237), which as a hypocoristicon would be gd.
- G. Herion, “Gidom,” in Freedman, ed., ABD, II:1015.
- Pettinato, Archives.
- Albright, YGC, 199 n. 101; R. Boling, “Gideon,” in Freedman, ed., ABD, II:1013-1015.
- Nibley, Since Cumorah 194.