GID

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Lehite PN 1. Officer, 1st century BC (Alma 57:28, 29, 30, 36; 58:16, 17, 19, 20, 23)
Lehite GN 2. City, ca. 67 BC (Alma 51:26; 55:7, 16, 25, 26; Helaman 5:15 (x2))

Etymology

Cf. the KJV GN Gidom = infinitive construct HEBREW gidʿōm “they had been cut down,” with 3rd masculine plural suffix (Judges 20:45; JH),[1] and gidu, a village near Ebla (JAT).[2] This may simply be the mimated form of HEBREW gidʿôn “Iconoclast, Destroyer, Slasher, Hacker, Hewer” (Judges 6:11 8:35), which is the alternate name of Jerubaʿal.[3] The etymology remains obscure, though HEBREW gīd, “sinew,” is not impossible (see the “sinew” incident in Genesis 32) (JH). Nibley suggests a corruption of the Meroitic (i.e., post-LEHI, *Nubian/EGYPTIAN) names KIB and Keb.[4] If this name is related to the Book of Mormon names GIDDIANHI and GIDDONAH or GIDGIDDONAH, then the root would be *gdd or gdgd, respectively.

It could be a variant of gād, “luck, etc.” (See GAD above), though this seems less likely because the vowel quality of gād as a noun is phonemic. Even less likely is a derivation from the HEBREW PN GIDEON, though GID may be a hypocoristicon thereof (RFS). Cf. The SAMARIA ostraca seal PN gdyhw (ABM, 237), which as a hypocoristicon would be gd.

See GAD, AMGID, GIDDIANHI, GIDDONAH, GIDGIDDONAH, GIDGIDDONI.

Variants

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐘𐐆𐐔 (ɡɪd)

Notes


  1. G. Herion, “Gidom,” in Freedman, ed., ABD, II:1015.
  2. Pettinato, Archives.
  3. Albright, YGC, 199 n. 101; R. Boling, “Gideon,” in Freedman, ed., ABD, II:1013-1015.
  4. Nibley, Since Cumorah 194.
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