Difference between revisions of "EZIAS"

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|'''[[:Category:Biblical PN|Biblical PN]]'''
 
|'''[[:Category:Biblical PN|Biblical PN]]'''
 
|1.
 
|1.
| Prophet who testified of the coming of [[CHRIST|C<small>HRIST</small>]], apparently during the CLassical [[ISRAELITES|I<small>SRAELITE</small>]] period ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/hel/8.20?lang=eng#19 Helaman 8:20]).
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| Prophet who testified of the coming of [[CHRIST|C<small>HRIST</small>]], apparently during the Classical [[ISRAELITES|I<small>SRAELITE</small>]] period ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/hel/8.20?lang=eng#19 Helaman 8:20]).
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
'''Etymology'''
 
'''Etymology'''
  
The spelling '''EZIAS''' is an 1830 edition error made by the printer. The P MS reads [[Ezias/Ezaias Variant|E<small>ZAIAS</small>]]. This error continues in all editions, except the RLDS 1908 and a few others.<ref>See for example, ''The Restored Covenant Edition'' (1999), and the Royal Skounsen’s Yale edition (2009).</ref>
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The spelling of the [[Personal Name|PN]] '''Ezias''' is an 1830 edition error made by the printer. The Printer's Manuscript reads [[Ezias/Ezaias Variant|E<small>ZAIAS</small>]]. This error continues in all editions, except the 1908 [[Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (now the Community of Christ)|RLDS]], 1953 [[Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (now the Community of Christ)|RLDS]] and the 1999 ''The Book of Mormon: Restored Covenant Edition''.<ref>Royal Skousen's 2009 Yale edition also corrects the error.</ref> The correct spelling may reflect [[King James Version|KJV]] [[New Testament|NT]] [[Personal Name|PN]] Esaias = Greek ''hēsaias'' ([https://www.lds.org/scriptures/nt/matt/3.3?lang=eng#2 Matthew 3:3]), which is simply another form of [[Old Testament|OT]] [[ISAIAH|I<small>SAIAH</small>]] = [[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]] ''yĕšʿayāh(û)'' “Salvation of God"<ref>[[The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints|LDS]] “Bible Dictionary,” 667 ([https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bd/esaias?lang=eng&letter=e Esaias]), 707 ([https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bd/isaiah?lang=eng&letter=i Isaiah]). [[Society of Biblical Literature|SBL]]</ref> or "the Lord is salvation" ([https://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/isa/1.1?lang=eng#primary Isaiah 1:1]).<ref>Y. Gitay, “Isaiah, the Book of,” in P. Achtemeier, ed., ''Harper’s Bible Dictionary'' (San Francisco: Harper, 1985), 426.</ref>
  
The correct spelling may reflect KJV NT PN Esaias = Greek ''hēsaias'' ([https://www.lds.org/scriptures/nt/matt/3.3?lang=eng#2 Matthew 3:3]), which is simply another form of OT [[ISAIAH|I<small>SAIAH</small>]] = [[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]] ''yĕšˁayāh(û)'' “Salvation of God<ref>Y. Gitay, “Isaiah, the Book of,” in P. Achtemeier, ed., ''Harper’s Bible Dictionary'', SBL, 426.</ref>;The Lord is salvation”<ref>LDS “Bible Dictionary,” 667, 707.</ref> ([https://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/isa/1.1?lang=eng#primary Isaiah 1:1]).
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The misspelling as hapax legomenon “Ezias” may follow [[King James Version|KJV]] Apocrypha [[Personal Name|PN]] Ezias in 1 Esdras 8:2 (IV Ezra); cf. the Greek Septuagint ([[Septuaginta. Alfred Rahlfs, ed. 8th ed. Stuttgart: Württembergische Bibelanstalt, 1965.|LXX]]) spelling variants ''Oziou'', ''Ozeiou'', ''Eziou'' and ''Ezariou.''  As [[George Reynolds]] observes: “Orson Pratt suggests. . . that ‘Ezias may have been identical with Esaias’,”<ref>[[George Reynolds|Reynolds]], ''Dictionary of the Book of Mormon: Comprising its Biographical, Geographical and Other Proper Names; with Appendices by Janne M. Sjodahl'' (Salt Lake City: Juvenile Instructor Office, 1882; [reprint 1954]), 89.</ref> which would accord with the [[Septuaginta. Alfred Rahlfs, ed. 8th ed. Stuttgart: Württembergische Bibelanstalt, 1965.|LXX]] and [https://www.lds.org/scriptures/nt/matt/3.3?lang=eng#2 Matthew 3:3] Ēsaias.  Since Esaias is listed in Jethro’s line of authority ([https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/84.11-13?lang=eng#10 Doctrine and Covenants 84:11-13]), he is therefore a good candidate for the Old World prophet in the Book of Mormon. If this latter is the case, then it is doubtful that Book of Mormon [[Ezias/Ezaias Variant|E<small>ZAIAS</small>]] is a variant form for the [[New Testament|NT]] rendering in Greek of [[ISAIAH|I<small>SAIAH</small>]], Esaias (contra [[John A. Tvedtnes|JAT]]). Based on this assumption, a Semitic root along the line of ''ʿz/ṣ(y)s/ś'' might prove fruitful.
 
 
The misspelling as hapax legomenon “Ezias” may follow KJV Apocrypha PN Ezias in 1 Esdras 8:2 (IV Ezra) ''Oziou'', ''Ozeiou'', ''Eziou'', ''Ezariou'' variants in the Greek Septuagint (LXX).  
 
 
 
As [[George Reynolds]] said: “Orson Pratt suggests. . . that ‘Ezias may have been identical with Esaias’,”<ref>[[George Reynolds|Reynolds]], ''Dictionary of the Book of Mormon'', 89.</ref> which would accord with the LXX and [https://www.lds.org/scriptures/nt/matt/3.3?lang=eng#2 Matthew 3:3] Ēsaias.  Since Esaias is listed in Jethro’s line of authority ([https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/84.11-13?lang=eng#10 Doctrine and Covenants 84:11-13]), he is therefore a good candidate for the Old World prophet in the Book of Mormon. If this latter is the case, then it is doubtful that Book of Mormon [[Ezias/Ezaias Variant|E<small>ZAIAS</small>]] is a variant form for the NT rendering in Greek of [[ISAIAH|I<small>SAIAH</small>]], Esaias (contra [[John A. Tvedtnes|JAT]]). Based on this assumption, a Semitic root along the line of ''ʿz/ṣ(y)s/ś'' might prove fruitful.
 
  
 
See [[ISAIAH|I<small>SAIAH</small>]]
 
See [[ISAIAH|I<small>SAIAH</small>]]
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[[Category:Names]][[Category:Biblical PN]]
 
[[Category:Names]][[Category:Biblical PN]]
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<div style="text-align: center;"> [[EVE|<<]] Ezias [[EZROM/EZRUM|>>]] </div>
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==[[Name Index]]==
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Latest revision as of 19:43, 10 February 2017

Biblical PN 1. Prophet who testified of the coming of CHRIST, apparently during the Classical ISRAELITE period (Helaman 8:20).

Etymology

The spelling of the PN Ezias is an 1830 edition error made by the printer. The Printer's Manuscript reads EZAIAS. This error continues in all editions, except the 1908 RLDS, 1953 RLDS and the 1999 The Book of Mormon: Restored Covenant Edition.[1] The correct spelling may reflect KJV NT PN Esaias = Greek hēsaias (Matthew 3:3), which is simply another form of OT ISAIAH = HEBREW yĕšʿayāh(û) “Salvation of God"[2] or "the Lord is salvation" (Isaiah 1:1).[3]

The misspelling as hapax legomenon “Ezias” may follow KJV Apocrypha PN Ezias in 1 Esdras 8:2 (IV Ezra); cf. the Greek Septuagint (LXX) spelling variants Oziou, Ozeiou, Eziou and Ezariou. As George Reynolds observes: “Orson Pratt suggests. . . that ‘Ezias may have been identical with Esaias’,”[4] which would accord with the LXX and Matthew 3:3 Ēsaias. Since Esaias is listed in Jethro’s line of authority (Doctrine and Covenants 84:11-13), he is therefore a good candidate for the Old World prophet in the Book of Mormon. If this latter is the case, then it is doubtful that Book of Mormon EZAIAS is a variant form for the NT rendering in Greek of ISAIAH, Esaias (contra JAT). Based on this assumption, a Semitic root along the line of ʿz/ṣ(y)s/ś might prove fruitful.

See ISAIAH

See also Ezias/Ezaias Variant

Variants

Ezaias, Esias

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐀𐐞𐐌𐐊𐐝 (iːzaɪʌs)

Notes


  1. Royal Skousen's 2009 Yale edition also corrects the error.
  2. LDS “Bible Dictionary,” 667 (Esaias), 707 (Isaiah). SBL
  3. Y. Gitay, “Isaiah, the Book of,” in P. Achtemeier, ed., Harper’s Bible Dictionary (San Francisco: Harper, 1985), 426.
  4. Reynolds, Dictionary of the Book of Mormon: Comprising its Biographical, Geographical and Other Proper Names; with Appendices by Janne M. Sjodahl (Salt Lake City: Juvenile Instructor Office, 1882; [reprint 1954]), 89.
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