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Pearl of Great Price PN 1. ENISH-GO-ON-DOSH[1] a governing planet; “the Sun” (Book of Abraham facsimile 2:5); “the power of attraction [it has with the earth]” (J. Smith letter to James A. Bennett, Nov 13, 1843, LDS Archives MS d 155, Box 2, folder 6, sheet 2, page 4)[2]

Possibly hypothetical Egyptian *wnš-ˁЗ-ʼIwnw-tЗš “The-great-sledge-of-the-boundary-of-On” (Sahidic Coptic tōš, toš “boundary, nome”; used in place-name ntoš[3] = Egyptian Arabic ṭwš, ṭāš)[4]; possibly referring to ritual circuit of temple in imitation of circuit of sun[5]; or *wnš kЗ int tЗ.s “Sledge-of-the-vital-force-of-the-vale-of-Earth” -- ʼIwnw and int were actually homonymous and could reflect Coptic on and one.[6]

As suggested by Val Sederholm, Egyptian Dosh is Mars (Ḥr-tзš “Horus-boundary”), and Hor-dosh-dawy, a name for Jupiter (Ḥr-tꝫš-tꝫwy).[7] Sederholm also notes the “pilgrimage cycle described in the Egyptian text Leiden T32."[8]


  1. Compound names of this type are quite common in ancient Egyptian, and hundreds of examples can be found in E. Budge, An Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary: With an Index of English Words, King List, and Geographical List with Indexes, List of Hieroglyphic Characters, Coptic and Semitic Alphabets (London: John Murray, 1920/reprint Dover, 1978).
  2. J. Smith, Times & Seasons, IV:373, Nov 13, 1843.
  3. Crum, Coptic Dictionary, 452b. This approach is also used by Hugh Nibley in his 1980 "The Three Facsimiles from the Book of Abraham,” 72-73, citing Woerterbuch, V, 235 – as noted by Val Sederholm.
  4. Behnstedt & Woidich, ägyptisch-arabischen Dialekte, IV:293, V:383.
  5. C. J. Bleeker, Egyptian Festivals, 70,85; E. F. Wente, “Egyptian Religion,” in Freedman, ed., Anchor Bible Dictionary, II:409; Budge, Gods of the Egyptians, I:171; Budge, Book of the Dead (1960), 360 n. 2.
  6. Černý, Coptic Etymological Dictionary, 336.
  7. Cf. Ayman Waziry, “Linguistic Symbolic Approach of Ancient Egyptian Differentiation Between Northern and Southern Constellations,” Egyptian Journal of Archaeological and Restoration Studies 5/2 (Oct-Dec 2015):97-122, online at http://ejars.sohag-univ.edu.eg/ .
  8. See his full remarks at http://valsederholm.blogspot.com/2010/04/enish-go-on-dosh.html .


Smith, Bob, “What did the Ancient Egyptians call the planet Jupiter, if at all?” Quora, July 7, 2021, online at https://qr.ae/pG4mX9 .