Difference between revisions of "ELKENAH"

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|ELKENAH, god of (Book of Abraham facsimile 1:3-4, and BofA 1:6, 2:13)
 
|ELKENAH, god of (Book of Abraham facsimile 1:3-4, and BofA 1:6, 2:13)
 
|}
 
|}
From Hebrew PN ''ʼEl-qanah'' “God has possessed,<ref>B. M. Metzger, ed., “Topical Index to the Bible,” 64.</ref> created”<ref>R. Youngblood, “Elkanah,” in Freedman, ed., ''Anchor Bible Dictionary'', II:476, from root ''qny''.</ref> (Exodus 6:24, 1 Samuel 1:1,4), and Hebrew DN ''ʼEl-qoneh'' “El, Creator of the Earth,” hypocoristicon for formula ''’El ˁElyon qone šamayim wa’areṣ'' “God Most High, Creator of Heaven & Earth” (Genesis 14:19, 22, Acts 4:24; cf. with ''Yahweh'' Exodus 20:11, 2 Chronicles 2:11-12, Isaiah 42:5)<ref>Cf. the 700 B.C. Jerusalem ostracon with ''['l] qn 'rṣ'' "[El] Creator of the Earth" (Cross, ''From Epic to Canon'', 87 n. 8, citing N. Avigad, ''IEJ'', 22 [1972], 195 pl. 42B; Patrick Miller, “El, The Creator of the Earth,” ''BASOR'', 239 [Summer 1980]:43-46).</ref> = Aramaic ''ʼl qn(ˁ)rˁ(ˁ)'', Aramaic & Neo-Punic ''ʼl qn ʼrṣ'' = 1200 B.C. Hittite ''El-qônê-erṣi'' (''El-ku-ni-ir-ša''), late Hittite ''Elkoners''.<ref>Miller, “El, The Creator of the Earth,” ''BASOR'', 239 (Summer 1980):43-46, comparing 1200 B.C. Hittite ''Il Kunirsha'', and Aramaic and Neo-Punic ''ʾl qnʾrṣ''.  W. F. Albright felt that this reflected Canaanite ''El-kunirša'', ''’El-qone-’erṣi'' on the Hittite tablet (''El-ku-ni-ir-ša'' pronounced ''’Elqonrs'' "El-Creator-of-the-Earth," Albright, ''Yahweh and the Gods of Canaan'' [London, 1968], 46,107 [late Hittite ''Elkoners'']; R.J. Clifford, ''CBQ'', 33:222; A. Goetze in Pritchard, ed., ''ANET'', 3rd ed., 519).  See also Conrad E. L’Heureux, ''Rank Among the Canaanite Gods: El, Dagan, and the Rephaim'', Harvard Semitic Monograph 21 (Missoula: Scholars Press, 1979); E. Theodore Mullen, Jr., ''The Assembly of the Gods: The Divine Council in Canaanite and Early Hebrew Literature'', Harvard Semitic Monograph 2 (Chico: Scholars Press, 1980).</ref>  The Egyptian equivalent would have been ''qmЗ wnnt'' “creator of that which is.”<ref>Budge, ''Gods of the Egyptians'', I:382, line 8.</ref>    Name of one of the four canopic gods (Egyptian jackal-headed ''Qbḥ-śnw.f'' of the east).<ref>See now Kevin Barney, “On Elkenah as Canaanite El,” ''JBMS'', 19/1 (2010):22-35; Daniel O. McClellan, “El Elyon, Begetter of Heaven and Earth,” SBL Paper, March 2010 (see pdf).</ref>
+
From Hebrew PN ''ʼEl-qanah'' “God has possessed,<ref>B. M. Metzger, ed., “Topical Index to the Bible,” 64.</ref> created”<ref>R. Youngblood, “Elkanah,” in Freedman, ed., ''Anchor Bible Dictionary'', II:476, from root ''qny''.</ref> (Exodus 6:24, 1 Samuel 1:1,4), and Hebrew DN ''ʼEl-qoneh'' “El, Creator of the Earth,” hypocoristicon for formula ''’El ˁElyon qone šamayim wa’areṣ'' “God Most High, Creator of Heaven & Earth” (Genesis 14:19, 22, Acts 4:24; cf. with ''Yahweh'' Exodus 20:11, 2 Chronicles 2:11-12, Isaiah 42:5)<ref>Cf. the 700 B.C. Jerusalem ostracon with ''['l] qn 'rṣ'' "[El] Creator of the Earth" (Cross, ''From Epic to Canon'', 87 n. 8, citing N. Avigad, ''IEJ'', 22 [1972], 195 pl. 42B; Patrick Miller, “El, The Creator of the Earth,” ''BASOR'', 239 [Summer 1980]:43-46).</ref> = Aramaic ''ʼl qn(ˁ)rˁ(ˁ)'', Aramaic & Neo-Punic ''ʼl qn ʼrṣ'' = 1200 B.C. Hittite ''El-qônê-erṣi'' (''El-ku-ni-ir-ša''), late Hittite ''Elkoners''.<ref>Miller, “El, The Creator of the Earth,” ''BASOR'', 239 (Summer 1980):43-46, comparing 1200 B.C. Hittite ''Il Kunirsha'', and Aramaic and Neo-Punic ''ʾl qnʾrṣ''.  W. F. Albright felt that this reflected Canaanite ''El-kunirša'', ''’El-qone-’erṣi'' on the Hittite tablet (''El-ku-ni-ir-ša'' pronounced ''’Elqonrs'' "El-Creator-of-the-Earth," Albright, ''Yahweh and the Gods of Canaan'' [London, 1968], 46,107 [late Hittite ''Elkoners'']; R.J. Clifford, ''CBQ'', 33:222; A. Goetze in Pritchard, ed., ''ANET'', 3rd ed., 519).  See also Conrad E. L’Heureux, ''Rank Among the Canaanite Gods: El, Dagan, and the Rephaim'', Harvard Semitic Monograph 21 (Missoula: Scholars Press, 1979); E. Theodore Mullen, Jr., ''The Assembly of the Gods: The Divine Council in Canaanite and Early Hebrew Literature'', Harvard Semitic Monograph 2 (Chico: Scholars Press, 1980).</ref>  The Egyptian equivalent would have been ''qmЗ wnnt'' “creator of that which is.”<ref>Budge, ''Gods of the Egyptians'', I:382, line 8.</ref>    Name of one of the four canopic gods (Egyptian falcon-headed ''Qbḥ-śnw.f'' of the west).<ref>See now Kevin Barney, “On Elkenah as Canaanite El,” ''JBMS'', 19/1 (2010):22-35; Daniel O. McClellan, “El Elyon, Begetter of Heaven and Earth,” SBL Paper, March 2010 (see pdf).</ref>
  
{| class="wikitable"
+
{| border="1"
|South
+
| '''C<small>ANOPIC GOD</small>'''
|Human
+
| '''C<small>ANOPIC FACE</small>'''
|''ʼImśti''
+
| '''P<small>RIMARY EGYPTIAN<br/>PAIR OF GODS</small>'''
|KORASH
+
| '''E<small>GYPTIAN DIRECTION</small>'''
|}
+
| '''B<small>OOK OF ABR<br/>IDOLATROUS GOD</small>'''
{| class="wikitable"
+
| '''F<small>ACS 1<br/>NUMBER</small>'''
|North 
+
|-
|Baboon 
+
|
|''Ḥpy''
+
'''ʼImśti'''
|MAHMACKRAH
+
<br/>'''Ḥpy'''
|}
+
<br/>'''DwЗ-mwt.f'''
{| class="wikitable"
+
<br/>'''Qbḥ-śnw.f'''
|West     
+
|
|Jackal 
+
'''human'''
|''Qbḥ-śnw.f''
+
<br/>'''baboon'''
|LIBNAH
+
<br/>'''jackal'''
|}
+
<br/>'''falcon'''
{| class="wikitable"
+
|
|East     
+
'''Osiris/Horus & Isis'''
|Falcon
+
<br/>'''Seth & Nephthys'''
|''DwЗ-mwt.f''
+
<br/>'''Tḥot/Anubis & Neith'''
|ELKENAH
+
<br/>'''Dwn-ˁnwy & Serqet'''
 +
|
 +
'''south    rśt'''
 +
<br/>'''north    mḥt'''
 +
<br/>'''east    iЗbt'''
 +
<br/>'''west    imnt'''
 +
|
 +
'''Korash'''
 +
<br/>'''Mahmackrah'''
 +
<br/>'''Libnah'''
 +
<br/>'''Elkenah'''
 +
|
 +
'''8'''
 +
<br/>'''7'''
 +
<br/>'''6'''
 +
<br/>'''5'''
 +
|-
 
|}
 
|}
 +
  
 
Variants: Elkkener, Elk Kener, Elk-keenah, Elk-kee-nah.
 
Variants: Elkkener, Elk Kener, Elk-keenah, Elk-kee-nah.

Revision as of 04:49, 29 July 2019

See ANTION

Pearl of Great Price PN 1. ELKENAH, god of (Book of Abraham facsimile 1:3-4, and BofA 1:6, 2:13)

From Hebrew PN ʼEl-qanah “God has possessed,[1] created”[2] (Exodus 6:24, 1 Samuel 1:1,4), and Hebrew DN ʼEl-qoneh “El, Creator of the Earth,” hypocoristicon for formula ’El ˁElyon qone šamayim wa’areṣ “God Most High, Creator of Heaven & Earth” (Genesis 14:19, 22, Acts 4:24; cf. with Yahweh Exodus 20:11, 2 Chronicles 2:11-12, Isaiah 42:5)[3] = Aramaic ʼl qn(ˁ)rˁ(ˁ), Aramaic & Neo-Punic ʼl qn ʼrṣ = 1200 B.C. Hittite El-qônê-erṣi (El-ku-ni-ir-ša), late Hittite Elkoners.[4] The Egyptian equivalent would have been qmЗ wnnt “creator of that which is.”[5] Name of one of the four canopic gods (Egyptian falcon-headed Qbḥ-śnw.f of the west).[6]

CANOPIC GOD CANOPIC FACE PRIMARY EGYPTIAN
PAIR OF GODS
EGYPTIAN DIRECTION BOOK OF ABR
IDOLATROUS GOD
FACS 1
NUMBER

ʼImśti
Ḥpy
DwЗ-mwt.f
Qbḥ-śnw.f

human
baboon
jackal
falcon

Osiris/Horus & Isis
Seth & Nephthys
Tḥot/Anubis & Neith
Dwn-ˁnwy & Serqet

south rśt
north mḥt
east iЗbt
west imnt

Korash
Mahmackrah
Libnah
Elkenah

8
7
6
5


Variants: Elkkener, Elk Kener, Elk-keenah, Elk-kee-nah.

Notes


  1. B. M. Metzger, ed., “Topical Index to the Bible,” 64.
  2. R. Youngblood, “Elkanah,” in Freedman, ed., Anchor Bible Dictionary, II:476, from root qny.
  3. Cf. the 700 B.C. Jerusalem ostracon with ['l] qn 'rṣ "[El] Creator of the Earth" (Cross, From Epic to Canon, 87 n. 8, citing N. Avigad, IEJ, 22 [1972], 195 pl. 42B; Patrick Miller, “El, The Creator of the Earth,” BASOR, 239 [Summer 1980]:43-46).
  4. Miller, “El, The Creator of the Earth,” BASOR, 239 (Summer 1980):43-46, comparing 1200 B.C. Hittite Il Kunirsha, and Aramaic and Neo-Punic ʾl qnʾrṣ. W. F. Albright felt that this reflected Canaanite El-kunirša, ’El-qone-’erṣi on the Hittite tablet (El-ku-ni-ir-ša pronounced ’Elqonrs "El-Creator-of-the-Earth," Albright, Yahweh and the Gods of Canaan [London, 1968], 46,107 [late Hittite Elkoners]; R.J. Clifford, CBQ, 33:222; A. Goetze in Pritchard, ed., ANET, 3rd ed., 519). See also Conrad E. L’Heureux, Rank Among the Canaanite Gods: El, Dagan, and the Rephaim, Harvard Semitic Monograph 21 (Missoula: Scholars Press, 1979); E. Theodore Mullen, Jr., The Assembly of the Gods: The Divine Council in Canaanite and Early Hebrew Literature, Harvard Semitic Monograph 2 (Chico: Scholars Press, 1980).
  5. Budge, Gods of the Egyptians, I:382, line 8.
  6. See now Kevin Barney, “On Elkenah as Canaanite El,” JBMS, 19/1 (2010):22-35; Daniel O. McClellan, “El Elyon, Begetter of Heaven and Earth,” SBL Paper, March 2010 (see pdf).