Difference between revisions of "ELKENAH"

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|ELKENAH, god of (Book of Abraham facsimile 1:3-4, and BofA 1:6, 2:13)
 
|ELKENAH, god of (Book of Abraham facsimile 1:3-4, and BofA 1:6, 2:13)
 
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From Hebrew PN ''ʼEl-qanah'' (1 Samuel 1:1,4), and Hebrew DN ''ʼEl-qoneh'' “El, Creator of the Earth,” hypocoristicon for ''’El ˁElyon qone šamayim wa’areṣ'' “God Most High, Creator of Heaven & Earth” (Genesis 14:19, 22, Acts 4:24; cf. with ''Yahweh'' Exodus 20:11, 2 Chronicles 2:11-12, Isaiah 42:5)<ref>Cf. the 700 B.C. Jerusalem ostracon with ''['l] qn 'rṣ'' "[El] Creator of the Earth" (Cross, ''From Epic to Canon'', 87 n. 8, citing N. Avigad, ''IEJ'', 22 [1972], 195 pl. 42B; Patrick Miller, “El, The Creator of the Earth,” ''BASOR'', 239 [Summer 1980]:43-46).</ref> = Aramaic ''ʼl qn(ˁ)rˁ(ˁ)'', Aramaic & Neo-Punic ''ʼl qn ʼrṣ'' = 1200 B.C. Hittite ''El-qônê-erṣi'' (''El-ku-ni-ir-ša''), late Hittite ''Elkoners''.<ref>Miller, “El, The Creator of the Earth,” ''BASOR'', 239 (Summer 1980):43-46, comparing 1200 B.C. Hittite ''Il Kunirsha'', and Aramaic and Neo-Punic ''ʾl qnʾrṣ''.  W. F. Albright felt that this reflected Canaanite ''El-kunirša'', ''’El-qone-’erṣi'' on the Hittite tablet (''El-ku-ni-ir-ša'' pronounced ''’Elqonrs'' "El-Creator-of-the-Earth," Albright, ''Yahweh and the Gods of Canaan'' [London, 1968], 46,107 [late Hittite ''Elkoners'']; R.J. Clifford, ''CBQ'', 33:222; A. Goetze in Pritchard, ed., ''ANET'', 3rd ed., 519).  See also Conrad E. L’Heureux, ''Rank Among the Canaanite Gods: El, Dagan, and the Rephaim'', Harvard Semitic Monograph 21 (Missoula: Scholars Press, 1979); E. Theodore Mullen, Jr., ''The Assembly of the Gods: The Divine Council in Canaanite and Early Hebrew Literature'', Harvard Semitic Monograph 2 (Chico: Scholars Press, 1980).</ref>  The Egyptian equivalent would have been ''qmЗ wnnt'' “creator of that which is.”<ref>Budge, ''Gods of the Egyptians'', I:382, line 8.</ref>    Name of one of the four canopic gods (Egyptian jackal-headed ''Qbḥ-śnw.f'' of the east).<ref>See now Kevin Barney, “On Elkenah as Canaanite El,” ''JBMS'', 19/1 (2010):22-35; Daniel O. McClellan, “El Elyon, Begetter of Heaven and Earth,” SBL Paper, March 2010 (see pdf).</ref>
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From Hebrew PN ''ʼEl-qanah'' “God has possessed,<ref>B. M. Metzger, ed., “Topical Index to the Bible,” 64.</ref> created” (1 Samuel 1:1,4), and Hebrew DN ''ʼEl-qoneh'' “El, Creator of the Earth,” hypocoristicon for formula ''’El ˁElyon qone šamayim wa’areṣ'' “God Most High, Creator of Heaven & Earth” (Genesis 14:19, 22, Acts 4:24; cf. with ''Yahweh'' Exodus 20:11, 2 Chronicles 2:11-12, Isaiah 42:5)<ref>Cf. the 700 B.C. Jerusalem ostracon with ''['l] qn 'rṣ'' "[El] Creator of the Earth" (Cross, ''From Epic to Canon'', 87 n. 8, citing N. Avigad, ''IEJ'', 22 [1972], 195 pl. 42B; Patrick Miller, “El, The Creator of the Earth,” ''BASOR'', 239 [Summer 1980]:43-46).</ref> = Aramaic ''ʼl qn(ˁ)rˁ(ˁ)'', Aramaic & Neo-Punic ''ʼl qn ʼrṣ'' = 1200 B.C. Hittite ''El-qônê-erṣi'' (''El-ku-ni-ir-ša''), late Hittite ''Elkoners''.<ref>Miller, “El, The Creator of the Earth,” ''BASOR'', 239 (Summer 1980):43-46, comparing 1200 B.C. Hittite ''Il Kunirsha'', and Aramaic and Neo-Punic ''ʾl qnʾrṣ''.  W. F. Albright felt that this reflected Canaanite ''El-kunirša'', ''’El-qone-’erṣi'' on the Hittite tablet (''El-ku-ni-ir-ša'' pronounced ''’Elqonrs'' "El-Creator-of-the-Earth," Albright, ''Yahweh and the Gods of Canaan'' [London, 1968], 46,107 [late Hittite ''Elkoners'']; R.J. Clifford, ''CBQ'', 33:222; A. Goetze in Pritchard, ed., ''ANET'', 3rd ed., 519).  See also Conrad E. L’Heureux, ''Rank Among the Canaanite Gods: El, Dagan, and the Rephaim'', Harvard Semitic Monograph 21 (Missoula: Scholars Press, 1979); E. Theodore Mullen, Jr., ''The Assembly of the Gods: The Divine Council in Canaanite and Early Hebrew Literature'', Harvard Semitic Monograph 2 (Chico: Scholars Press, 1980).</ref>  The Egyptian equivalent would have been ''qmЗ wnnt'' “creator of that which is.”<ref>Budge, ''Gods of the Egyptians'', I:382, line 8.</ref>    Name of one of the four canopic gods (Egyptian jackal-headed ''Qbḥ-śnw.f'' of the east).<ref>See now Kevin Barney, “On Elkenah as Canaanite El,” ''JBMS'', 19/1 (2010):22-35; Daniel O. McClellan, “El Elyon, Begetter of Heaven and Earth,” SBL Paper, March 2010 (see pdf).</ref>
  
  

Revision as of 23:26, 15 February 2018

See ANTION

Pearl of Great Price PN 1. ELKENAH, god of (Book of Abraham facsimile 1:3-4, and BofA 1:6, 2:13)

From Hebrew PN ʼEl-qanah “God has possessed,[1] created” (1 Samuel 1:1,4), and Hebrew DN ʼEl-qoneh “El, Creator of the Earth,” hypocoristicon for formula ’El ˁElyon qone šamayim wa’areṣ “God Most High, Creator of Heaven & Earth” (Genesis 14:19, 22, Acts 4:24; cf. with Yahweh Exodus 20:11, 2 Chronicles 2:11-12, Isaiah 42:5)[2] = Aramaic ʼl qn(ˁ)rˁ(ˁ), Aramaic & Neo-Punic ʼl qn ʼrṣ = 1200 B.C. Hittite El-qônê-erṣi (El-ku-ni-ir-ša), late Hittite Elkoners.[3] The Egyptian equivalent would have been qmЗ wnnt “creator of that which is.”[4] Name of one of the four canopic gods (Egyptian jackal-headed Qbḥ-śnw.f of the east).[5]


MSS variants Elkkener, Elkkinir, Elkkiner, Elk-kunah, Elk-ku-nah.

Notes


  1. B. M. Metzger, ed., “Topical Index to the Bible,” 64.
  2. Cf. the 700 B.C. Jerusalem ostracon with ['l] qn 'rṣ "[El] Creator of the Earth" (Cross, From Epic to Canon, 87 n. 8, citing N. Avigad, IEJ, 22 [1972], 195 pl. 42B; Patrick Miller, “El, The Creator of the Earth,” BASOR, 239 [Summer 1980]:43-46).
  3. Miller, “El, The Creator of the Earth,” BASOR, 239 (Summer 1980):43-46, comparing 1200 B.C. Hittite Il Kunirsha, and Aramaic and Neo-Punic ʾl qnʾrṣ. W. F. Albright felt that this reflected Canaanite El-kunirša, ’El-qone-’erṣi on the Hittite tablet (El-ku-ni-ir-ša pronounced ’Elqonrs "El-Creator-of-the-Earth," Albright, Yahweh and the Gods of Canaan [London, 1968], 46,107 [late Hittite Elkoners]; R.J. Clifford, CBQ, 33:222; A. Goetze in Pritchard, ed., ANET, 3rd ed., 519). See also Conrad E. L’Heureux, Rank Among the Canaanite Gods: El, Dagan, and the Rephaim, Harvard Semitic Monograph 21 (Missoula: Scholars Press, 1979); E. Theodore Mullen, Jr., The Assembly of the Gods: The Divine Council in Canaanite and Early Hebrew Literature, Harvard Semitic Monograph 2 (Chico: Scholars Press, 1980).
  4. Budge, Gods of the Egyptians, I:382, line 8.
  5. See now Kevin Barney, “On Elkenah as Canaanite El,” JBMS, 19/1 (2010):22-35; Daniel O. McClellan, “El Elyon, Begetter of Heaven and Earth,” SBL Paper, March 2010 (see pdf).