|Jaredite noun||1.||Animals, listed with CUMOMS and elephants (Ether 9:19 (x2))|
Until possible language affinities for JAREDITE names can be determined, all suggestions for etymologies of JAREDITE names must remain more speculative than substantive. With that caveat, the onomasticon does offer etymologies for some JAREDITE names, especially if it is possible that some JAREDITE names were translated into NEPHITE, or were otherwise related to one or more Semitic languages.
Whatever fauna CURELOMS were, three criteria affect their identification: 1) they were especially useful to the JAREDITES; 2) they were indigenous to JAREDITE America; and, 3) it must be assumed, Joseph Smith did not have an English translation for them or he would have rendered it in English. Therefore, whatever etymology is proposed, it must meet these three criteria.
Indigenous American animals that are useful and for which Joseph Smith probably would not have had an English name include the alpaca and the llama (PYH).
The suggestion that curelom may have been something like a camel because of its rolling motion, citing the HEBREW, “garal” = “to roll forth or to roll off.” This derivation is unlikely because there is no biblical verb based on grl, except for the hiphil form ("cast lots"), which is a denominative from gôrāl, "lot, destiny."
See also Cureloms Variant
Deseret Alphabet: 𐐗𐐆𐐅𐐡𐐢𐐉𐐣𐐞 (kɪuːrlɒmz)
- George Reynolds, and Janne M. Sjodahl, Commentary on the Book of Mormon, ed. P. C. Reynolds (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1955), 6:145.