Abbreviations

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Abbreviation List

AASOR Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research
AB Anchor Bible. 88 vols.
ABD David Freedman, ed. Anchor Bible Dictionary. 6 vols. N.Y.: Doubleday, 1992.
ABM Hugh Nibley, An Approach to the Book of Mormon. 3rd ed. Collected Works of Hugh Nibley 6. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, FARMS, 1988.
AC Angela Crowell
AHw W. Von Soden, Akkadisches Handwörterbuch. 3 vols. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1965–1981.
AI Yohanan Aharoni, Arad Inscriptions. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1981.
AL Kent. P. Jackson, The Ammonite Language of the Iron Age. Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press, 1983.
ALUOS Annual of Leeds University Oriental Society
ANET James B. Pritchard, ed. Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament. 3rd ed. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1969.
ANG Jakob J. Stamm, Akkadischen Namengebung.
AnOr Analecta Orientalia
AOAT Alter Orient und altes Testament
AOS American Oriental Society
APA APA-Philo Press
APN H. B. Huffmon, Amorite Personal Names in the Mari Texts: A Structural and Lexical Study. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1965.
ASOR Americal Schools of Oriental Research
ATV Royal Skousen, Analysis of Textual Variants in the Book of Mormon. 6 Parts. Provo, Utah: FARMS, Brigham Young University, 2004-2009.
BA Biblical Archaeologist
BAR Biblical Archaeology Review
BASOR Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
BDB F. Brown, S. Driver, and C. Briggs, eds. A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament. Oxford: Clarendon, 1907 /1968.
BH Biblia Hebraica
BHS Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. Stuttgart: Deustsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1984.
Biblica Journal from the Pontifical Biblical Institute, PBI, Rome.
BM British Museum
BTAVO Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients
BU Biblische Untersuchungen
BYU Brigham Young University
CAAA I. J. Gelb, Computer-Aided Analysis of Amorite. Assyriological Studies, 21. Chicago: Oriental Institute, 1980.
CAD Chicago Assyrian Dictionary = Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the Univ. of Chicago. Chicago: Oriental Institute/Glückstadt: J. J. Augustin, 1956-2010. Online at https://oi.uchicago.edu/research/publications/assyrian-dictionary-oriental-institute-university-chicago-cad
CBM George Reynolds and Janne M. Sjodahl, Commentary on the Book of Mormon. P. C. Reynolds, ed. 7 vols. SLC: Deseret Book, 1955–1961.
CDME Raymond O. Faulkner, A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian. Oxford: Printed for the Griffith Institute at the University Press by V. Ridler/Oxford: Griffith Institute, Ashmolean Museum, 1962-1988.
CIS Corpus Inscriptionum Semiticarum
Critext Book of Mormon Critical Text. 2nd ed. 3 vols. Provo: FARMS, 1986-1987.
CTA Corpus des tablettes en cunéiformes alphabétiques: découvertes à Ras Shamra-Ugarit de 1929 à 1939
CWHN The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley. 19 vols. SLC: FARMS/Deseret, 1986-2010.
D&C The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, The Doctrine and Covenants of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Salt Lake City, UT: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. 2013.
DBM George Reynolds, Dictionary of the Book of Mormon; Comprising its Biographical Geographical, and Other Proper Names. Together with Appendices by Janne M. Sjodahl. Salt Lake City: Juvenile Instructor Office, 1883, [R]1954.
DN Divine Name
DNWSI J. Hoftijzer, and K. Jongeling, Dictionary of the North-West Semitic Inscriptions. 2nd ed. HOSANE/HOSNME 21 Leiden/N.Y.: Brill, 2003.
DOTT D. Winton Thomas, ed. Documents from the Old Testament Times. Wipf & Stock Pub, 2006.
EA El-Amarna Tablets
EASW J. W. Wevers, and D. B. Redford, eds. Essays on the Ancient Semitic World. Toronto Semitic Texts and Studies 1. Univ. of Toronto Press, 1970.
ED Early Dynastic Period
EDE Gábor Takács, Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian. 3 vols. HdO Leiden: Brill, 1999, 2001, 2007.
EHA Edward H. Ashment
EJ Cecil Roth, ed., Encyclopedia Judaica. Jerusalem: Keter/N.Y.: Macmillan, 1970-1971.
ePSD Electronic Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary. online at http://psd.museum.upenn.edu/epsd/nepsd-frame.html
ESA Epigraphic South Arabian
ESDR Esdras in the Apocrypha
f Feminine
FARMS Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies
FSAC William F. Albright, From the Stone Age to Christianity: Monotheism and the Historical Process. 1st ed. Baltimore: John Hopkins, 1940.; 2nd ed. Baltimore: John Hopkins/Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1957/reprint Eugene: Wipf & Stock, 2003.
GKC Wilhelm Gesenius, Gesenius' Hebrew grammar. E. Kautzsch, ed. A. Cowley trans. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1910/ reprint Dover, 2006.
GN Geographical Name
GOA I. J. Gelb, Glossary of Old Akkadian. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1973.
GCT Gordon C. Thomasson
HAL L. Koehler, W. Baumgartner, Hebräisches und Aramäisches Lexikon zum Alten Testament. 3 vols. Auflage Leiden: Brill, 2004.
HALOT Koehler, Ludwig, and Walter Baumgartner, The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament. 5 vols. revised by W. Baumgartner & Johann J. Stamm. Leiden: Brill, 1994. trans. of 5-volume 3rd German edition. Also available in CD-ROM.
HC B. H. Roberts, A Comprehensive History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: Century I. 6 vols. Salt Lake City: LDS Church 1930.
HdO Handbuch der Orientalistik -- J. Hoftijzer and K. Jongeling, Dictionary of North-West Semitic Inscriptons. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1995.
HWN Hugh W. Nibley
IDAM Israel Department Antiquities and Museums
IPA International Phonetic Alphabet
IPN Martin Noth, Die israelitischen Personennamen im Rahmen der gemeinsemitischen Namengebung. Beiträge zur Wissenschaft vom Alten und Neuen Testament, III, 10. Stuttgart, 1928 /reprint: Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1966.
Jackson Kent P. Jackson, "Ammonite Personal Names in the Context of the West Semitic Onomasticon." in The Word of the Lord Shall Go Forth, Essays in Honor of David Noel Freedman. Carol L. Meyers and M. O'Connor Winona Lake, eds. Indiana: Eisenbrauns, 1983: 507-521.
JAOS Journal of the American Oriental Society
Jastrow Marcus Jastrow, A Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yeushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature. New York: Judaica Press, 1996.
JAT John A. Tvedtnes
JBL Journal of Biblical Literature
JBMS Journal of Book of Mormon Studies
JCS Journal of Cuneiform Studies
JD Journal of Discourses
JG John Gee
JH Jo Ann Carlton Hackett
JLS John L. Sorenson
JNES Journal of Near Eastern Studies
JPS Jewish Publication Society, publishing for example, The Jewish Study Bible. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1999.
JS-H Joseph Smith History
JSS Journal of Semitic Studies
JWW John W. Welch
KAI H. Donner and W. Röllig, Kanannäische und aramäische Inschriften. 3 vols. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1968.
KHw Wolfhart Westendorf, Koptisches Handwörterbuch. Heidelberg: C. Winter Universitätsverlag, 1965.
KJV King James Version
KTAV Jewish Publisher
KTU Keilschriftliche Texte aus Ugarit. M. Dietrich, O. Loretz, and J. Sanmartín, eds. vol. 1. AOAT 24. Kevelaer and Neukirchen-Vluyn, 1976.
LDS The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
LGG Lexikon der ägyptischen Götter und Götterbezeichnungen
LID Hugh W. Nibley, "Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites." John W. Welch, Darrell L. Matthews, and Stephen R. Callister, eds. Collected Works of Hugh Nibley. 5. Salt Lake City/Provo: Deseret Book/FARMS, 1988.
LXX Septuaginta. Alfred Rahlfs, ed. 8th ed. Stuttgart: Württembergische Bibelanstalt, 1965.
m Masculine
MAD I. J. Gelb, Materials for the Assyrian Dictionary. MAD 1. Sargonic Texts from the Diyala Region. 1952. MAD 2. Old Addakian Writing and Grammar. 1952. MAD 3. Glossary of Old Akkadian. 1957. MAD 4. Sargonic Texts in the Louvre Museum. 1970. MAD 5. Sargonic Texts in the Ashmolean Museum. Oxford. 1970.
MDDB Mormon dialogue & discussion board www.mormondialogue.org
MEE Materiali Epigrafici di Ebla. Napoli: Istituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli.
Moscati Sabatino Moscati, et al. An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages. Sabatino Moscati, ed. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1969.
mss Plural for Manuscript as in O P mss = Original and Printer's Manuscripts
MR Matthew Roper
MT Massoretic Text = Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1984.
MW Mark Wright
MWJ M. Wells Jakeman
MZ Rykle Borger, Mesopotamisches Zeichenlexikon. 2nd ed. AOAT 305. Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2010.
NPSEHA Newsletter and Proceedings of the Society for Early Historic Archaeology
NRSV New Revised Standard Version of the Bible
NT New Testament
O Original Manuscipt of the Book of Mormon.
OED J. A. Simpson, The Oxford English dictionary. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon press, 1989.
OLA Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta
OT Old Testament
P Printer's Manuscript of the Book of Mormon.
p Plural
PBI Pontifical Bible Institute, Rome publisher
PEQ Palestine Exploration Quarterly. London
PGP Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, The Pearl of Great Price. Salt Lake City, UT: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, 2013.
PN Personal Name
PRS Perspectives in Religious Studies. Macon, GA
PTU Frauke Gröndahl, Die Personennamen der Texte aus Ugarit. Studia Pohl 1. Rome: Pontifical Bible Institute, 1967.
PYH Paul Y. Hoskisson
Ranke Hermann Ranke, Die ägyptischen Personennamen. 2 vols. Glückstadt: Augustin, 1935-52.
RFS Robert F. Smith
RLDS Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (now the Community of Christ)
RSP Loren R. Fisher, ed. Ras Shamra Parallels: The Texts from Ugarit and the Hebrew Bible. 3 vols. AnOr 49-51. Rome: Pontifical Biblical Institute, 1972, 1975, 1981. Stan Rummell edited volume 3.
RSV Revised Standard Version
s Singular
SABC Society of Assyriologists, Bibliologists and Caucasiologists
SANTAG Karl Hecker und Walter Sommerfeld, eds. Arbeiten und Untersuchungen zur Keilschriftkunde.
SAYP Studies in Ancient Yahwistic Poetry. D.N. Freedman & F. M. Cross.
SBL Society of Biblical Literature
SC Hugh W. Nibley, Since Cumorah: The Book of Mormon in the Modern World. 1st ed. SLC: Deseret Book, 1967.; 2nd ed. CWHN 7. SLC: FARMS/Deseret, 1988.
SDR Stephen D. Ricks
Silverman Michael H. Silverman, Religious Values in the Jewish Proper Names at Elephantine. Alter Orient und Altes Testament 217. Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchner, 1985.
SLC Salt Lake City
SPCK The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge
Stark Jürgen Kurt Stark, Personal Names in Palmyrene Inscriptions. Oxford: Clarendon, 1971.
STF FARMS Staff
T&S Times and Seasons
TAVO Tübinger Atlas vorderen Orients. Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1977- .
TB Talmud Babli Babylonian Talmud
Tomback Richard S. Tomback, A Comparative Semitic Lexicon of the Phoenician and Punic Languages. SBL Dissertation Series 32. Missoula, Montana: Scholars Press, 1978.
UEE UCLA Encyclopedia of Egypotology, Willike Wendrich and Elizabeth Frood, eds. Online at http://www.uee.ucla.edu
UT Cyrus H. Gordon, Ugaritic Textbook. AnOr 38. Rome: Pontifical Biblical Institute, 1965.
VESO William F. Albright, The Vocalization of the Egyptian Syllabic Orthography. AOS 5. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1934/ reprint Millwood, N.Y., 1974.
VT Vetus Testamentum
Wb Adolf Erman, and Hermann Grapow, Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache. 5 vols. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1926-1931.
WdO Die Welt des Orients
WJ Hugh Nibley, Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites. 1st ed. SLC: Bookcraft, 1952.; “Lehi in the Desert; The World of the Jaredites; There Were Jaredites.” J. W. Welch, D. L. Matthews, and S. R. Callister, eds. Collected Works of Hugh Nibley. 5 vols. Provo: FARMS/Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1988.
WSPN Michael David Coogan, West Semitic Personal Names in the Marašû Documents. Harvard Semitic Monographs 7. Missoula, Montana: Scholars Press, 1976.
YGC William F. Albright, Yahweh and the Gods of Canaan: A Historical Analysis of Two Contrasting Faiths. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1968/ reprint Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 1978. Pagination differs from London edition.
YS Yehonatan Shunary
ZÄS Zeitschrift für ägyptische sprache und altertumskunde 1863.