Difference between revisions of "ANTIONAH"

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'''Etymology'''
 
'''Etymology'''
  
If '''ANTIONAH''' is to be divided ''anti-'' and ''-onah'', then perhaps the first element is identical to ''anti'' in [[ANTINEPHILEHI|A<small>NTINEPHILEHI</small>]]. See the same for a discussion of the etymology. ''Onah'' may possibly be explained as ''ʿwnh'', a type of priestly functionary (DNWSI 833). ''*ʿnh'', “humility” is also possible. Unlikely is a derivation from ''*ʾwn'', “sarcophagus” (DNWSI 22). Unlikely also is ''ʾnyh'', “ship, boat.
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If the name is to be divided into the elements ''anti''- and -''onah'', the first part of this PN, ''anti'', may have the same constituent elements as [[ANTI-NEPHI-LEHI|A<small>NTI-NEPHI-LEHI</small>]]. If the first element ''anti''- is from the [[EGYPT|E<small>GYPTIAN</small>]] ''nty'', ''enty'', nad has the same meaning, it may be pronounced ike the English "Anti-", with the sense "who; he (of), the one having; partisan (of)." ''Onah'' may possibly be explained as ''wnh'', a type of priestly functionary (DNWSI 833). With the first element ''anti'' having the sense "he (of), the one having; partisan (of)," the PN may have the meaning "one having a priestly/priesthood function," which may be appropriate given that [[AMMONIHAH|A<small>MMONIHAH</small>]] was religiously--and politically--dissident. *''ʾnh'', "humility" is also possible, with the overall meaning "one possessed of humility."
 
 
The second element cannot be derived from common Semitic ''ʿyn'', “eye; spring,” because the phonemic middle radical is a long ''i'' vowel.  
 
  
 
Cf. Book of Mormon [[ONTI(ES)|O<small>NTI(ES)</small>]], [[ANI-ANTI|A<small>NI-ANTI</small>]], [[ANTIOMNO|A<small>NTIOMNO</small>]], [[ANTION|A<small>NTION</small>]], [[ANTIONUM|A<small>NTIONUM</small>]], [[ANTIPARAH|A<small>NTIPARAH</small>]], [[ANTIPAS|A<small>NTIPAS</small>]], [[ANTIPUS|A<small>NTIPUS</small>]], [[ANTUM|A<small>NTUM</small>]], [[ANTINEPHILEHI|A<small>NTINEPHILEHI</small>]]
 
Cf. Book of Mormon [[ONTI(ES)|O<small>NTI(ES)</small>]], [[ANI-ANTI|A<small>NI-ANTI</small>]], [[ANTIOMNO|A<small>NTIOMNO</small>]], [[ANTION|A<small>NTION</small>]], [[ANTIONUM|A<small>NTIONUM</small>]], [[ANTIPARAH|A<small>NTIPARAH</small>]], [[ANTIPAS|A<small>NTIPAS</small>]], [[ANTIPUS|A<small>NTIPUS</small>]], [[ANTUM|A<small>NTUM</small>]], [[ANTINEPHILEHI|A<small>NTINEPHILEHI</small>]]

Revision as of 21:49, 12 September 2013

Nephite PN 1. A ruler in AMMONIHAH, ca. 82 BC (Alma 12:20)

Etymology

If the name is to be divided into the elements anti- and -onah, the first part of this PN, anti, may have the same constituent elements as ANTI-NEPHI-LEHI. If the first element anti- is from the EGYPTIAN nty, enty, nad has the same meaning, it may be pronounced ike the English "Anti-", with the sense "who; he (of), the one having; partisan (of)." Onah may possibly be explained as wnh, a type of priestly functionary (DNWSI 833). With the first element anti having the sense "he (of), the one having; partisan (of)," the PN may have the meaning "one having a priestly/priesthood function," which may be appropriate given that AMMONIHAH was religiously--and politically--dissident. *ʾnh, "humility" is also possible, with the overall meaning "one possessed of humility."

Cf. Book of Mormon ONTI(ES), ANI-ANTI, ANTIOMNO, ANTION, ANTIONUM, ANTIPARAH, ANTIPAS, ANTIPUS, ANTUM, ANTINEPHILEHI

Variants

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐈𐐤𐐓𐐆𐐄𐐤𐐂 (æntɪoʊnɑː)

Notes