Difference between revisions of "AMARON"

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|Scribe, 2nd c. BC ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/omni/1.3,%204?lang=eng#2 Omni 1:3, 4])
 
|Scribe, 2nd c. BC ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/omni/1.3,%204?lang=eng#2 Omni 1:3, 4])
 
|}
 
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'''This entry is not finished'''
 
  
 
'''Etymology'''
 
'''Etymology'''
  
'''AMARON''' seems most likely to be connected with the root West Semitic root ''ʾmr'', “to speak, to say; word.” Biblical names such as ''ʾmryh'', Amariah and ''ʾmry'', Imri tend to reinforce this connection, as does the Ammonite PN ''ʾmrʾl'' (*AL, p. 95) and the Ugaritic PN ''a-mar-daddu'' (Gröndahl, p. 37). It would be easy to suggest that it is a nominal form of this root plus the diminutive hypocoristic suffix -''on'' (IPN, p. 38* Is this really so?), such as the biblical PNs Amnon and Sampson or the West Semitic PN * ''ŝšamaʿ-on'' (WSPN, p. 35). The name would thus translate as, approximately, “the command,” perhaps a shortened form of Amariah, “command of Yahweh.”
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'''AMARON''' seems most likely to be connected with the West Semitic root ''ʾmr'', “to speak, to say; word.” Biblical PNs such as ''ʾmryh'', Amariah and ''ʾmry'', Imri tend to reinforce this connection, as does the Ammonite PN ''ʾmrʾl''<ref>''AL'', p. 95.</ref> and the Ugaritic PN ''a-mar-<sup>d</sup>addu''.<ref>Gröndahl, p. 37.</ref> It would be easy to suggest that '''A<small>MARON</small>''' is a nominal form of this root plus the hypocoristic suffix ''ōn'',<ref>''IPN'', p. 38.</ref> such as the biblical PNs Amnon and Sampson. The name would thus translate as, approximately, “the command,” perhaps a shortened form (without a theophoric element) of Amariah, “command of Yahweh,” or perhaps a form analogous to “Yahweh has spoken.”
  
It may well be that '''A<small>MARON</small>''' is the same name as the Aramaic PN ''ʿm[r]n'' or the Arabic PN ''ʿamr-an'' from the root “live,” “honor” (KAI, 229:2–3).
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It is possible to connect the biblical PN Imri, ''ʾimrî'' ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/1-chr/9.4?lang=eng#3 1 Chronicles 9:4]) with the Arabic ''ʾamîr'', “commander, emir”, possibly with [[EGYPTIAN(S)|E<small>GYPTIAN</small>]] ''imy-r3'', “overseer,” to word-plays in [http://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/omni/1.2-3,%206,%209?lang=eng#1 Omni 1:2–3, 6, 9]; [http://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/jarom/1.1,%2015?lang=eng#primary Jarom 1:1, 15]. ([[Robert F. Smith|RFS]])
  
Possible is the Arabic ''ʿmr'', “to worship” or “to live,” as in biblical [[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]] PN ''ʿomrî'', with on afformative ([[Jo Ann Hackett|JH]]).  
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Another distinct possibility would be to derive '''A<small>MARON</small>''' from the same form as the Aramaic PN ''ʿm[r]n'' or the Arabic PN ''ʿamrān'' from the root ''ʿmr'' “to live, to honor” (''KAI'', #229:2–3), and could mean approximately, “worshipper,” without a theophoric element. This root is possibly reflected in the biblical Hebrew PN Omri, ''ʿŏmrȋ'', one of the kings of [[ISRAEL|I<small>SRAEL</small>]], and may also appear in the Amorite PN element ''ḫamr''-, as in ''Ḫamrurapi''.<ref> ''HALOT'' עמרי, and ''APN'', 198-9.</ref>
  
It is interesting that both '''A<small>MARON</small>''' and [[AMMARON|A<small>MMARON</small>]] were [[NEPHITE(S)|N<small>EPHITE</small>]] scribes/historians, though separated in time by many centuries.
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If the root is ''ʿmr'', “to worship, live,” and if '''A<small>MARON</small>''' was more attentive to his religious duties than his father [[OMNI|O<small>MNI</small>]] was, does his name suggest that his life would be spared (or was spared) due to righteousness? According to his short account, the Lord destroyed the wicked [[NEPHITE(S)|N<small>EPHITES</small>]] but spared the righteous ([http://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/omni/1.2,%207?lang=eng#1 Omni 1:2, 7]) ([[Robert F. Smith|RFS]]).
  
[[Robert F. Smith|RFS]] prefers to connect the names (aleph or ayin*) ''ômar'' and ''imrî'' with the Arabic ''ʾamîr'', “commander, Emir” (so used in [http://scriptures.lds.org/en/2_kgs/20/1-6#1 2 Kings 20:1–6]; see BASOR 231; 76 [109]), possibly = [[EGYPT|E<small>GYPTIAN</small>]] ''imy-r3'', “overseer,” with word-plays in [http://scriptures.lds.org/en/omni/1/2-3,6,9#2 Omni 1:2–3, 6, 9]; [http://scriptures.lds.org/en/jarom/1/1,15#1 Jarom 1:1, 15].
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Less likely, but not impossible, is biblical [[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]] ''ʿam-ʾărôn'', “people of the ark” ([[Jo Ann Hackett|JH]]).
  
If the root is ''ʿmr'', “to worship, live,” and if '''A<small>MARON</small>''' was more worshipful than his father [[OMNI|O<small>MNI</small>]], does his name reflect the attribution of his life and preservation to his righteousness? According to his short account, the Lord destroyed the wicked [[NEPHITE(S)|N<small>EPHITES</small>]] but spared the righteous ([http://lds.org/scriptures/bofm/omni/1.4-8?lang=eng#3 Omni 1:4-8]) ([[Robert F. Smith|RFS]]).
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It is interesting that both '''A<small>MARON</small>''' and [[AMMARON|A<small>MMARON</small>]] were [[NEPHITE(S)|N<small>EPHITE</small>]] scribes/historians, though separated in time by many centuries.
  
Unlikely, but not impossible, is biblical [[HEBREW|H<small>EBREW</small>]] ''ʿam-ʾarôn'', “people of the ark” ([[Jo Ann Hackett|JH]]).
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Cf. Book of Mormon [[AMMARON|A<small>MMARON</small>]], [[AMMORON|A<small>MMORON</small>]], [[AMORON|A<small>MORON</small>]], [[MORONI|M<small>ORONI</small>]], [[MORONIHAH|M<small>ORONIHAH</small>]], [[EMER|E<small>MER</small>]], [[OMER|O<small>MER</small>]], [[AMULEK|A<small>MULEK</small>]] (vs. [[MULEK|M<small>ULEK</small>]])
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<div style="text-align: right;">[[Paul Y. Hoskisson|PYH]]</div>
  
 
See also [[Amaron Variant]]
 
See also [[Amaron Variant]]
 
See Book of Mormon [[AMMARON|A<small>MMARON</small>]], [[AMMORON|A<small>MMORON</small>]], [[AMORON|A<small>MORON</small>]], [[MORONI|M<small>ORONI</small>]], [[MORONIHAH|M<small>ORONIHAH</small>]], [[EMER|E<small>MER</small>]], [[OMER|O<small>MER</small>]], [[AMULEK|A<small>MULEK</small>]] (vs. [[MULEK|M<small>ULEK</small>]])
 
  
 
'''Variants'''
 
'''Variants'''

Revision as of 21:22, 8 November 2013

Lehite PN 1. Scribe, 2nd c. BC (Omni 1:3, 4)

Etymology

AMARON seems most likely to be connected with the West Semitic root ʾmr, “to speak, to say; word.” Biblical PNs such as ʾmryh, Amariah and ʾmry, Imri tend to reinforce this connection, as does the Ammonite PN ʾmrʾl[1] and the Ugaritic PN a-mar-daddu.[2] It would be easy to suggest that AMARON is a nominal form of this root plus the hypocoristic suffix –ōn,[3] such as the biblical PNs Amnon and Sampson. The name would thus translate as, approximately, “the command,” perhaps a shortened form (without a theophoric element) of Amariah, “command of Yahweh,” or perhaps a form analogous to “Yahweh has spoken.”

It is possible to connect the biblical PN Imri, ʾimrî (1 Chronicles 9:4) with the Arabic ʾamîr, “commander, emir”, possibly with EGYPTIAN imy-r3, “overseer,” to word-plays in Omni 1:2–3, 6, 9; Jarom 1:1, 15. (RFS)

Another distinct possibility would be to derive AMARON from the same form as the Aramaic PN ʿm[r]n or the Arabic PN ʿamrān from the root ʿmr “to live, to honor” (KAI, #229:2–3), and could mean approximately, “worshipper,” without a theophoric element. This root is possibly reflected in the biblical Hebrew PN Omri, ʿŏmrȋ, one of the kings of ISRAEL, and may also appear in the Amorite PN element ḫamr-, as in Ḫamrurapi.[4]

If the root is ʿmr, “to worship, live,” and if AMARON was more attentive to his religious duties than his father OMNI was, does his name suggest that his life would be spared (or was spared) due to righteousness? According to his short account, the Lord destroyed the wicked NEPHITES but spared the righteous (Omni 1:2, 7) (RFS).

Less likely, but not impossible, is biblical HEBREW ʿam-ʾărôn, “people of the ark” (JH).

It is interesting that both AMARON and AMMARON were NEPHITE scribes/historians, though separated in time by many centuries.

Cf. Book of Mormon AMMARON, AMMORON, AMORON, MORONI, MORONIHAH, EMER, OMER, AMULEK (vs. MULEK)

PYH

See also Amaron Variant

Variants

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐈𐐣𐐈𐐡𐐊𐐤 (æmærʌn)

Notes


  1. AL, p. 95.
  2. Gröndahl, p. 37.
  3. IPN, p. 38.
  4. HALOT עמרי, and APN, 198-9.