AMALEKI

From Book of Mormon Onomasticon
Revision as of 00:20, 30 January 2011 by Squidge (talk | contribs) (Created page with "<pre> AMALEKI Lehite PN 1. Scribe, most likely 2nd c. BC (Omni 12; Words of Mormon 1:10) Mulekite PN 2. “Brother” of Ammon, ca. 121 BC (Mosiah 7:6) It would be most temp...")

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 AMALEKI

Lehite PN		1. Scribe, most likely 2nd c. BC (Omni 12; Words of Mormon 1:10)

Mulekite PN		2. “Brother” of Ammon, ca. 121 BC (Mosiah 7:6)

It would be most tempting to relate this name to the biblical Amelik, ʿmlq. Though as pointed out, it would be difficult to explain how a Hebrew-dependent culture 
would use the name of a hated enemy (JAT), because the name would mean, with gentilic ending, “the Amalekite.” But the possibility cannot be ruled out. (For 
example, note the name of one of the priests during King David’s reign, Obed-Edom, meaning “servant of Edom” first mentioned in 2 Samuel 6:10.)

Years ago, this and other names containing the consonants mlk were connected with the common Semitic root meaning, depending on the language, “king, rule; 
advise, counsel” (AC). The most common meaning in the West Semitic languages, including Hebrew, is “to rule, be king; king.” Though this etymology is tempting, it 
leaves the initial and final vowels unexplained. Possibly the initial vowel could be an affix to form a place name and the final vowel could be the gentilic ending, which 
would yield the meaning, “the (one from) Malek.” 

Ebla contains the PN name a-ma-lik (MEE 2, pt. 1, 25 v. VIII: 14; and perhaps the same individual, 20 r. X:11), probably to be read “A-malik.” See also the many “malik” 
names in Amorite (CAAA, 152). But the initial vowel remains unexplained. As pointed out, it is probably not a prosthetic vowel because it does not break up a 
consonant cluster (JH). See, however, UT, 8.40, for Ugaritic examples. 

Note that the Book of Mormon spellings for Amaleki and Amalekites/Amalikites are consistently spelled with a “k,” while Amalickiah, etc., and Amalickiahite(s) are 
consistently written with a “ck” (for all the variant spellings of these names see CT, Appendix III, “Book of Mormon Onomasticon Variants, 1225”). This would tend to 
indicate that these two sets of words are not to be taken from the same root. However, the variants Amlicite/Amlikite muddy the waters.

Notes
JWW suggests that “the Amalekite” may not be quite so unlikely. He posits “two possibilities: first, that Lehi’s desert experience had brought him and his group into 
sympathy or contact with this group, assuming they were not totally destroyed several centuries earlier, or second, that Amaleki became an acceptable name among 
the tribe of Ephraim, from which Eshmael descended, inasmuch as the Amalekites appear to have settled, possibly peacefully, as far north as the land of Ephraim 
where a mountain was named after them.”

Reynolds has made the highly unlikely suggestion that Amaleki and Amalickiah mean “The king of Jehovah” CBM, VII, 107.


Cf. Book of Mormon AMALEKITES, Amalickiah(ites), Amulek, Amlici