|Jaredite PN||1.||Challenger to the JAREDITE throne (Ether 13:23, 24, 27, 28, 29, 30 (x2), 31; 14:3 (x2), 4, 5, 8)|
Until possible language affinities for JAREDITE names can be determined, all suggestions for etymologies of JAREDITE names must remain more speculative than substantive. With that caveat, the onomasticon does offer etymologies for some JAREDITE names, especially if it is possible that some JAREDITE names were translated into NEPHITE, or were otherwise related to one or more Semitic languages.
If JAREDITE names can be traced to Semitic roots, or if SHARED is NEPHITE translation of the JAREDITE PN, it may be related to the Ugaritic šrd, “to present (an offering), bring down from God” (JAT), probably a Š-stem causative from the root yrd, “to descend,” Both HEBREW and AKKADIAN also use y/wrd.
SHARED could mean “offering” or “presentation (of an offering, sacrifice)” (PYH). One may note a possible parallel construction, with interchange d > t, in the HEBREW šārēt “service” in cultic ritual (Numbers 4:12 and 2 Chronicles 24:14), from the verb šrt meaning “to serve” in cultic ritual. One may also compare the Ebla city-name šeraduki (Pettinato, Archives) (JAT).
Deseret Alphabet: 𐐟𐐁𐐡𐐇𐐔 (ʃeɪrɛd)
- Analytic Ugaritic Bibliography, ed. Manfried Dietrich and Oswald Loretz, Alter Orient und Altes Testament 20/6 (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1996), 693.
- HALOT: sub שרת.