PACUMENI

From Book of Mormon Onomasticon
Jump to: navigation, search
Lehite PN 1. Judge, son of PAHORAN No. 1, ca. 52 BC (Helaman 1:3, 6, 13, 21 (x2))

Etymology

This name contains what appears to be a JAREDITE element, kumen/cumen, and thus an EGYPTIAN or Semitic etymology would be suspect (JAT).

Nevertheless, occasional EGYPTIAN names seem to appear in Iron Age II Israel. For example, pkmt, found on a "storage jar from Lachich, from the end of the Judaean Monarchy... seems to be EGYPTIAN." Such an EGYPTIAN name could be from P3-Kmt "The-Egyptian," whcih would fit in with the form of other possible Egyptian names in the Book of Mormon, such as PAHORON/PAHORAN as P3-Ḥrn "The-Hurrian, Horite, Horus," etc., PAANCHI as P3-̾ˁnh̬y "The-Living-One," etc., all part of a related family.

Indeed, years ago Nibley suggested several EGYPTIAN derivations: the name “resembles that borne by some of the last priest governors of EGYPT, whose names are rendered Pa-menech, Pa-mnkh, Pamenches, etc. The Greeks (who often furnish the key to the correct reading of EGYPTIAN names) put the guttural before the nasal Pachomios ["The Eagle"]. The most famous man of the name commanded all the forces of the south and was also high priest of Horus. At least one other governor-general of EGYPT bore the name” (LID, 25, 29).

Confer possibly the EGYPTIAN PN p3-kmn, Pakamen, “blind man” (LID, 28; ABM, 284; EHA, citing Wb V, 107). See also RFS, Egyptianisms, p. 6, for p3-kwmni' [I am unable to find this item in my own work]' and other suggestions. Nibley suggests that Pakumeni is the name of an EGYPTIAN hero (ABM, 286).

Cf. Book of Mormon CUMENI, KUMEN, KUMENONHI, CUMENIHAH, KISHKUMEN, PAHORAN, PAANCHI (PACHUS, PAGAG?), PATHROS, TEOMNER, TEANCUM, et al.

Variants

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐑𐐈𐐗𐐆𐐄𐐣𐐀𐐤𐐌 (pækɪoʊmiːnaɪ), 𐐑𐐈𐐗𐐆𐐅𐐣𐐀𐐤𐐌 (pækɪumiːnaɪ)

Notes


<< Pacumeni >>

Name Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z