|Brass Plates PN||1.||A non-biblical ISRAELITE prophet (1 Nephi 19:10)|
The PN NEUM may perhaps be a shortened form of nĕʾūm-YHWH, “declaration of Yahweh” (= LXX Greek legei kyrios), which is part of the oracle formula common to Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. This, in its own turn, may be from the HEBREW nēʾūm (naʾim, noʾem) “visionary utterance; decree” (Genesis 22:16; Numbers 24:3-4, 15-16; 2 Samuel 23:1a; Proverbs 30:1; Psalm 36:2; Ezekiel 36:23; Zechariah 12:1; Malachi 2:1). The Hebrew noun nēʾūm is normally restricted to divine speech. However, the Tannaim used it with human speech (TB Yebamot 12:11), and use with human speech was originally a North Israelite feature.
The PN NEUM may also be connected to the Hebrew term, naʿim “bard; priestly meistersinger” (2 Samuel 23:1b; cf. 2 Kings 3:15) = Greek aoidos “bard, oral-poet, composer-singer”; cf. Ugaritic nʿm “bard,” and Arabic nģm “sing,” naģmat “melody.”
Deseret Alphabet: 𐐤𐐀𐐊𐐣 (niːʌm)
- H. Kosmala, in Vetus Testamentum 14/3 (1964): 428, 431-32.
- Gary Rendsburg, “Hebrew Philological Notes (1),” Hebrew Studies 40 (1999): 29-30.
- F. M. Cross, From Epic to Canon, 140, citing Ugaritic CTA 3.1.19, and 1 Chronicles 25:7, where the High Priest is the Meistersinger; Cross, “Toward a History of Hebrew Prosody,” in Fortunate the Eyes That See, eds. Beck, Bartelt, Raabe, and Francke, 302-303 (as in CTA 3.1.19); see also D. N. Freedman, Pottery, Poetry, and Prophecy: Studies in Early Hebrew Poetry (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1980).
Cross, Frank Moore, Jr. “Toward a History of Hebrew Prosody,” in Fortunate the Eyes That See: Essays in Honor of David Noel Freedman in Celebration of His Seventieth Birthday, eds. A. Beck, A. Bartelt, P. Raabe, and C. Francke, 298-309. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1995.
Cross, Frank Moore, Jr. From Epic to Canon: History and Literature in Ancient Israel. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1998.
Freedman, David Noel. Pottery, Poetry, and Prophecy: Studies in Early Hebrew Poetry. Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns, 1980.
Kosmala, Hans. “Form and Structure in Ancient Hebrew Poetry (A New Approach),” Vetus Testamentum 14/3 (Oct 1964):423-445.
Rendsburg, Gary, “Hebrew Philological Notes (1),” Hebrew Studies 40 (1999):28-32.