MANTI

Lehite GN 1. Hill of, on which NEHOR is executed, 1st cent. B.C. (Alma 1:15)
Lehite PN 2. NEPHITE soldier sent to watch AMLICITES, 1st cent. B.C. (Alma 2:22)
Lehite GN 3. NEPHITE land of, on southern border with LAMANITES (Alma 16:6, 7; 17:1; 22:27; 43:22, 24, 25, 32, 42; 59:6)
4. NEPHITE city of, chief city of land of MANTI (56:14 (x2); 57:22; 58:1, 13, 25, 26, 27, 28, 39).

Etymology

No West Semitic etymologies are apparent, below are some other suggestions.

Such a name is unlikely to be Northwest Semitic due to the -nt- constant combination. In such a case, the -n- should assimilate to the -t-.

Hugh Nibley compared the ancient EGYPTIAN PN Manti-Mankhi, a prince in Upper EGYPT ca. 650 B.C.[1] referring to the Neo-Assyrian spelling Manti, in this case the PN in cuneiform Manti-m-eḫē < EGYPTIAN PN Mnṯw-m-ḥ3t "Month-is-satisfied," or cryptographic Mnṯw-mḥjt "Month-of-the-North," with hieroglyphs showing the EGYPTIAN god Month sitting down, holding a sail.[2] Nibley recognized that the name includes a late form of the EGYPTIAN DN Month/Montu/Mntw, known in Greek as Hermonthis (cf. HERMOUNTS).[3] He also lists the forms of Manti, Monti, Menedi, etc., but especially the EGYPTIAN name of a Hittite city, Manda.[4]Unlikely is HEBREW mnty "my portion," again because the -n- should assimilate to the -t- in Northwest Semitic (JAT).

Also unlikely are the suggestions that it is HEBREW man' "something mysterious,"[5] and that it relates "to prophets or oracles."[6] (PYH)

See HERMOUNTS.

Variants

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐣𐐈𐐤𐐓𐐌 (mæntaɪ)

Notes


  1. Nibley, Lehi in the Desert, 27.
  2. Takács, Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian III:3; cf. Zauzich, Hieroglyphs Without Mystery, 30, 92.
  3. Nibley, Lehi in the Desert, 27.
  4. Nibley , An Approach to the Book of Mormon, 289.
  5. Reynolds, Dictionary of the Book of Mormon, 304.
  6. Reynolds, Story of the Book of Mormon, 299.

Bibliography


Nibley, Hugh W. Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites, 2nd ed., CWHN V. FARMS/Deseret, 1988. LID

Nibley, Hugh W. An Approach to the Book of Mormon, 3rd ed., CWHN VI. FARMS/Deseret, 1988. ABM

Nibley, Hugh W. Since Cumorah: The Book of Mormon in the Modern World. SLC: Deseret Book, 1967 = Collected Works of Hugh Nibley VII. FARMS/Deseret, 1988. SC

Reynolds, George. Dictionary of the Book of Mormon Comprising Its Biographical, Geographical and Other Proper Names. SLC: J.H. Parry, 1891/Deseret Sunday School Union, 1910/1929/P.C. Reynolds, 1954.

Reynolds, George. Story of the Book of Mormon. SLC: J.H. Parry, 1888.

Takács, Gábor. Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, III. Leiden: Brill, 2007. EDE III

Zauzich, Karl-Theodor. Hieroglyphs Without Mystery: An Introduction to Ancient Egyptian Writing, trans., A. Roth. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1992.

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