LEMUEL

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Lehite PN 1. Son of LEHI I, ca. 600 BC (1 Nephi 1:Preface; 2:5, 10, 11, 12, 18; 3:28 (x2), 31; 4:28; 7:6, 8; 8:4, 17, 35, 36; 9:1; 10:16; 16:20, 37; 18:11; 2 Nephi 1:28; 4:8, 13; Alma 3:7; 18:38; 24:29; 43:13)
Lehite GN 2. Valley near the borders of the RED SEA, named after LEHI’s son, ca. 600 BC (1 Nephi 2:14; 16:6)
3. City, 2nd c. BC, probably named after LEHI I’s son (Alma 23:12)

Etymology

One may compare the Book of Mormon PN LEMUEL with biblical Hebrew PN lĕmūʾel, LEMUEL, Proverbs 31:1, 4, composed of lĕmô plus ʾēl, meaning "belonging to God,"[1] and possibly analogous to the biblical PN lāʾēl, “belonging to God,” in Numbers 3:24.[2] Note the Edomite PN LEMUEL in the text “The Words of LEMUEL, King of Massa."[3]

Reynolds and Sjodahl (1:26) give the meaning “Godward” or “God is bright.”

There are at least three proposed loci for Valley of Lemuel within the northwest Arabic Hijaz (Midian):[4]

1. Wadi al-Badʼ (preferred by Hilton & Hilton) -- an oasis located in the vicinity of Jebel al-Lawz (sometimes a candidate for Mt. Horeb), and near some caves and Nabataean ruins.[5]

2. Wadi Bir Marsha (preferred by Jeff Chadwick).[6]

3. Wadi Tayyib al-Ism (favored by Wellington & Potter, and Aston), with a perennial stream near al-Maqna.[7]


See Book of Mormon LEMUELITES

See also Lemuel / Lemual Variants

Variants

lemual, Lemul

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐢𐐇𐐣𐐏𐐆𐐅𐐇𐐢 (lɛmjɪuːɛl)

Notes


  1. IPN 153.
  2. HALOT.
  3. LID, 41-42 and ABM, 75.
  4. S. Kent Brown, “The Hunt for the Valley of Lemuel,” JBMS, 16/1 (2007):65-73, 86-88, online at https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/jbms/ .
  5. Lynn M. Hilton and Hope A. Hilton, Discovering Lehi: New Evidence of Lehi and Nephi in Arabia (Springville: Cedar Fort, 1996), 50-53
  6. Jeffrey R. Chadwick, “The Wrong Place for Lehi’s Trail and the Vallley of Lemuel,” FARMS Review, 17/2 (2005):210-214, online at https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/msr/ .
  7. Richard Wellington and George Potter, “Lehi’s Trail: From the Valley of Lemuel to Nephi’s Harbor,” JBMS, 15/2 (2006):26-43, 113-116, online at https://www.nephiproject.com/Newsletter/ Lehi's%20Trail.pdf , and https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/jbms/ .

Bibliography

Book of Mormon Central, “Have the Valley of Lemuel and the River Laman Been Found? (1 Nephi 2:6),” KnoWhy #286, March 13, 2017, online at https://knowhy.bookofmormoncentral.org/content/have-the-valley-of-lemuel-and-the-river-laman-been-found .

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