KUMEN

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Lehite PN 1. Apostle, 1st c. AD (3 Nephi 19:4)

Etymology

Several North-west Semitic etymologies are possible, though none of them are convincing. HEBREW kmn, meaning “to hide, to hide up,” might give a translation “Hidden-away.” Cf. also the Ugaritic PNs kmn and bn kmn, etymology unknown (JH). Less likely is the common Semitic vocabel kam(m)ō/ūn*, from which we get our English word “cumin.”

Cf. also these ancient Near Eastern names: gāmôn, a city in GILEAD, Judges 10:5 (RFS); Akkadian kummanu, name of neoHittite kingdom of Tabalian Confederation, ca. 900 BC, near sites of kummuḫi and gurgum (RFS); Akkadian (?) kummanni (Classical Camana Cappadiciae), a religious center/city during the time of King Azzi-Hayasa (?—ee Roux) (RFS); and Hittite kamanas, prince of Carchemish ca. 750 BC (RFS).

Other possibilities include EGYPTIAN kmn, “blind one” (EHA); EGYPTIAN k3mn, “the Bull is established” (Coptic kemēn), a place near Ihnasya in central EGYPT (RFS); and Akkadian kummu, “holy place, shrine, sanctuary” (RFS).

Cf. Book of Mormon CUMENI, CUMENIHAH, KUMENONHI, KISHKUMEN, COM, KIM, etc.

Variants

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐗𐐆𐐅𐐣𐐇𐐤 (kɪuːmɛn)

Notes


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