ISRAEL

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Deified Name 1. A part of a divine title (1 Nephi 5:9; 10:12; 19:7, 13 (x2), 14, 15; 20:1, 2, 17; 21:7; 22:5, 12, 18, 21, 24, 26, 28; 2 Nephi 1:10; 3:2; 6:9, 10 (x2), 15; 9:11, 12, 15, 18 (x2), 19, 23, 24, 25, 26, 40, 41, 44, 51; 15:19, 24; 20:20; 22:6; 25:29; 27:30, 34; 28:5; 30:2; 31:13; Omni 1:25, 26; 3 Nephi 11:14; 20:42; 22:5)
Biblical GN 2. Geographic region (2 Nephi 14:2; 17:1; 18:18; 19:12, 14; 20:17, 20; 21:12, 16; Alma 26:36)
People 4. Group of people (Title Page; 1 Nephi 10:14 (x2); 11:35; 12:9 (x2); 13:23 (x2), 33, 34; 14:2 (x3), 5, 8, 17, 26; 15:12 (x3), 14, 16, 17, 18, 20; 17:23, 25, 29; 19:10, 11, 16, 19, 24 (x2); 20:1, 12; 21:1 (x2), 3, 5, 6, 12, 15; 22:3, 6, 7, 9, 11, 14; 2 Nephi 3:5, 9, 13, 24; 6:5 (x3); 7:2, 4; 9:1, 53; 10:18, 22; 15:7; 18:14; 19:8; 20:22; 24:1, 2; 25:4, 20; 28:2; 29:1, 2, 12, 13 (x2), 14 (x2); 33:13; Jacob 1:7; 5:1, 2, 3; 6:1, 4; Mosiah 7:19; 8:8; 13:29; 3 Nephi 10:4, 5 (x2), 6, 7; 15:5, 15; 16:5, 7, 8 (x2), 9 (x2), 11, 12 (x2), 13, 14, 15 (x2); 17:4, 14; 20:10, 12, 21, 25, 27; 21:1, 4, 6, 7, 20, 23; 23:2; 25:4; 28:29; 29:1, 2, 3, 8, 9; 30:2; Mormon 3:17, 18; 4:12; 5:10, 11, 14, 20; 7:1, 2; 8:21 (x2); 9:37; Ether 4:14, 15; 13:5 (x2); Moroni 10:31)

Etymology

ISRAEL, the other name of JACOB and the northern kingdom of the ISRAELITES, does not refer to a person or place in the Book of Mormon. The Hebrew name Yisraʾel may mean "God fights; rules; shines; heals" (HALOT s.v. ISRAEL). ISRAEL may also be mentiioned in the Merneptah Stele 1.27, where we read that "Israel (EGYPTIAN I.si.ri.ʾar, with foreign person/people determinative) is laid waste (EGYPTIAN fk.t) and his seed is not,"[1] although it may also refer to another people or place.

Variants

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐆𐐞𐐡𐐈𐐇𐐢 (ɪzræɛl) (1 Nephi 5:9), 𐐈𐐞𐐡𐐈𐐇𐐢 (æzræɛl) (2 Nephi 9:23), 𐐌𐐞𐐡𐐈𐐇𐐢 (aɪzræɛl) (2 Nephi 25:4)

Notes


  1. W.M. Flinders Petrie and Wilhelm Spiegelberg, Six Temples at Thebes: 1896 (London: Quaritch, 1897); cf. Dermot Nestor, Cognitive Perspective on Israelite Identity (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1998), 96-97.
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