EZROM/EZRUM

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Lehite noun 1. Silver measure, ca. 82 BC, equal to four SENUMS of silver (or four measures of grain) and equal to one SHUM of gold (Alma 11:6, 12)

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Etymology

In addition to appearing in a totally different language context, this Lehite name for a measure and the disparately spelled JAREDITE PN ESROM [1] must be taken to have separate etymologies. Perhaps the best suggestion for the NEPHITE name is from the HEBREW * ḥeṣrōm, “enclosed, bound together, surrounded,” etc. (cf. Jeremiah 1:17; Job 30:18; 38:3) (RFS), from the root ḥṣr with adverbial ending * -ōm. Cp. the *similar etymology from EPHAH from ʾpp, “to surround.”???

Other possibilities include ʿzr, “to help;” or “to gird, equip;” ʾzr, “to surround with a wall;gird,” and perhaps ʿṣr or, with prosthetic aleph, zrm.?????

Cf. HEBREW seal PN ʿzr (HWN in SC 195). Possibly related to biblical PN Ezra (JAT).

Cf. Book of Mormon ESROM, ZORAM, SEEZORAM, ZEEZROM, CEZORAM, ZERAM, et al.

See also Ezrum / Ezrom Variant

RFS

Variants

ezrum

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐇𐐞𐐡𐐊𐐣 (ɛzrʌm)

Notes


  1. Naturally, such a statement may have to be modified of the Book if Mormon critical text reveals variant spelling for either name.
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