|Nephite PN||1.||NEPHITE army leader (Moroni 9:2)|
The PN ARCHEANTUS may be of Greek origin, possible from the Greek ἂρχων, "chief civil magistrate"; cf. Palmyrene and Jewish Aramiac word ʾrkwn from ἂρχων. The name may also derive from the Greek arche, "magistracy; power, dominion."A HEBREW or Semitic origin for this name does not readily suggest itself.
The occurrence of names of Greek origin suggests Hellenic contacts with the eastern Mediterranean in antiquity. Since the late second millennium B.C. Syrians and Phoenicians had trading contracts with the Aegean kingdoms, and in the first millennium B.C. Greek mercenaries and merchants maintained a significant and ongoing presence in Syro-Palestinian territories, thereby providing opportunities for Greek titles and names to be transferred to the eastern Mediterranean. Alternatively, it is also possible that Greek titles and names may have resulted from cultural contact with the New World from a later period of time.
Deseret Alphabet: 𐐂𐐡𐐗𐐀𐐈𐐤𐐓𐐊𐐝 (ɑːrkiːæntʌs)
- J. Hoftijzer and K. Jongeling, Dictionary of North-west Semitic Inscriptions, (Leiden" Brill, 1995), 109.