ANTIPARAH

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Nephite GN 1. City on LAMANITE border, ca. 65 BC (Alma 56:14, 31, 33, 34; 57:1, 2, 3, 4 (x2))

Etymology

If the name can be divided anti- (for which see ANTI-NEPHI-LEHI) and -parah, it may be that the second element is prh, “cow,” which could be appropriate for a GN, “opposite the cow.” See the biblical GN Parah (Joshua 18:23) (RFS).

Other possible etymologies for -parah include HEBREW prʿ, “payment; to pay” (DNWSI 942); biblical PHARAOH, prʿh (for EGYPTIAN pr`3, “great house”) (RFS); EGYPTIAN ntyp3r`, “which is the sun (Ra)” (RFS); EGYPTIAN p3dip3r` for Potiphar or Potiphera (RFS); and EGYPTIAN ntypr'3, “who is Pharoah/king” (RFS).

Also possible are HEBREW *pera`, “commander, leader” and Arabic *far`ûn, “prince, head of family,” thus, or “head family” (RFS). Much less likely is an etymology based on Greek, such as *antipara, “contrarywise, opposite side”; *anti'pera, on the opposite side” (Luke 8:26); *antiara, “dispute” (RFS).

Cf. Book of Mormon ANI-ANTI, ANTIOMNO, ANTION, ANTIONAH, ANTIONUM, ANTIPAS, ANTIPUS, ANTUM, ANTI-NEPHI-LEHI, CORIANTON, CORIANTOR, CORIANTUM, CORIANTUMR, GADIANDI, GADIANTON, IRREANTUM, LEHONTI, MORIANTON, MORIANTUM, ONTI(ES), SEANTUM

Variants

Deseret Alphabet: 𐐈𐐤𐐓𐐆𐐑𐐁𐐡𐐂 (æntɪpeɪrɑː)

Notes


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