|Jaredite GN||1.||Plains (Ether 14:15, 16)|
Until possible language affinities for JAREDITE names can be determined, all suggestions for etymologies of JAREDITE names must remain more speculative than substantive. With that caveat, the onomasticon does offer etymologies for some JAREDITE names, especially if it is possible that some JAREDITE names were translated into NEPHITE, or were otherwise related to one or more Semitic languages.
Another excellent proposal is Sumerian akuš, a₂-gu₂-šu, a2-kuš2 "toil, labor" (= Akkadian manahtu "toils").
AGOSH may be related to AKISH, since they are in the same vicinity and may be variant stems of the same root and express a common quality (PYH). Cf. KJV Ikkesh from Hebrew PN ˁIqqēš "Crooked" (2 Samuel 23:26, 1 Chronicles 11:28, 27:9), from Hebrew ˁqš "twist, pervert," which could be a good name for a wilderness in which sore battles took place (RFS, JAT). Reynolds and Sjodahl suggested use of the same Semitic root, meaning "to be forward, false."
Cf. Akkadian aggiš' "furiosly," from Akkadian aggu, uggu = Sumerian ug, ug2 "(to be) furious; anger."
Other Sumerian and Akkadian etymologies may also be proposed for AGOSH: (1) Sumerian UKÚŠ, ukuš2, u2-kuš8 "sucumber, squash, qourd" = Akkadian qiššû = Hebrew qiššû’ "cucumber" (Number 11:5), as if "Squash-, Gourd-field;" and (2) Sumerian akuš, a2-kuš3; a2-1(diš)-kuš (= Akkadian ammatu "forearm; cubit").
In connection with the name AGOSH one may also compare the Old Babylonian Hymn of Agushaya about Ishtar/Inanna.
Deseret Alphabet: 𐐁𐐘𐐉𐐟 (eɪɡɒʃ)
- Alan R. Millard, “Abraham,” in ed. David N. Freedman, Anchor Bible Dictionary ((New York: Doubleday, 1992), 1:38.
- E. Meyers, ed., Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997), 1:85-86, 5:132.
- http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/dcclt/cbd/sux/summaries.html ; ePSD.
- Bruce Metzger, ed., “Topical Index to the Bible,” 99, in his NRSV Complete Concordance (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1991).
- Reynolds & Sjodahl, 'CBM', VI:41.
- ePSD = Akkadian rēdû "soldier, private"; Sumerian AGA/UKU-ÚS/AGA-ÚS/UŠ.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soldier_Field .
- Hayim Tawil, An Akkadian Lexical Companion for Biblical Hebrew (Jersey City, NJ: KTAV, 2009), 23-4.
- Tikva Frymer-Kensky, In the Wake of the Goddesses (New York: Free Press, 1992), 30-1, 67, 78.